Canon de 155 c mle 1917 Schneider - Parris Island, SC
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 32° 20.952 W 080° 40.520
17S E 530549 N 3579189
Quick Description: Flanking the Iconic Marine's Iron Mike are two Napoleon Cannons. During World War I the US bought howitzers from France.
Location: South Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 12/9/2018 5:56:16 AM
Waymark Code: WMZNN2
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member NCDaywalker
Views: 1

Long Description:

County of cannon: Beaufort County
Location of howitzers: corner of Blvd. de France & Santo Domingo St., in traffic circle, MCRD Parris Island
>Manufacturer: France

"The Canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider, often abbreviated as the C17S, was a French howitzer designed by Schneider. It was essentially the Canon de 155 C modèle 1915 Schneider fitted with a different breech to use bagged propellant rather than the cartridge cases used by the older howitzer. It was used by France, Italy, Russian Empire, Belgium and the United States from 1917 during World War I and was widely exported after the war. Surviving weapons were in service with France, Poland, Greece, Italy, Belgium, the United States and Finland during World War II. Captured weapons were used by the Germans for their 2nd-line artillery and coast defense units.

"Prior to 1917, the United States had used a 6-inch howitzer of a different design, but discarded it as unsatisfactory in favor of this French gun which the US found had withstood the tests of war and had proven in every way to be superior to all other howitzers of the same or similar caliber. The United States purchased 1,503 examples of the Mle 1917 from France and adopted it as the 155 mm Howitzer Carriage, Model of 1917 (Schneider), as the standard or regulation howitzer for the United States Army. The last American shot fired during the Great War was fired by a Schneider howitzer called Calamity Jane, of the 11th Field Artillery Regiment.

"The United States also paid $560,000 for non-exclusive rights to the design and working drawings. In addition to the 1,503 examples purchased in France and used there, 626 were manufactured by or for the US in the United States (stated to have been at a cost of more than $10,000,000). The Model 1918 built in the US differed somewhat from French models, with a straight rather than curved shield, rubber rather than steel tyres on wheels, a pivoting spade and a slightly different firing mechanism. US units were in action in France in 1918 with the 1,503 French-built guns. The first US regiment equipped with US-made guns was about to embark for France when World War I ended. The 1,503 weapons purchased from France were brought to the United States in 1919.

"Both the M1917 and M1918 howitzers were upgraded with air brakes, new metal wheels and pneumatic tires during the interwar period and remained the standard American heavy howitzers until superseded by the 155 mm howitzer M1 beginning in late 1942. They saw limited use with both U.S. Army and Marine artillery units while shortages of the 155 mm howitzer M1 were resolved." ~ Wikipedia

What type of artillery is this?: 1917 Cannon de Schneider

Where is this artillery located?: Monument grounds

What military of the world used this device?: France, United States, Belgium, Finland, Poland, Italy

Date artillery was in use: 1/1/1917

Date artillery was placed on display: 1/1/1942

Cost?: 0.00 (listed in local currency)

Artillery is no longer operational: yes

Still may work: no

Are there any geocaches at this location?:

Parking location to view this Waymark: Not Listed

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