Capitol of Territorial Oregon - Corvallis, OR
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member NW_history_buff
N 44° 33.676 W 123° 15.690
10T E 479233 N 4934247
For a brief period, Corvallis was the territorial capitol of Oregon in 1855.
Waymark Code: WMYQ2E
Location: Oregon, United States
Date Posted: 07/09/2018
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member TheBeanTeam
Views: 2

Located at the corner of the current Crawford and Farra Building, erected in 1882, are two plaques, one of which notes this building's site as the Oregon Capitol of Territorial Oregon in 1855. The plaque reads:

_ . _


There are numerous websites that highlight the history and controversy around the territorial capitol sites that were designated before Oregon became a statehood. The Oregon Digital Archives website contains a historical photo of the Avery Building, the site of the territorial capitol where the Crawford and Farra Building now stands and it tells us:

Wrap Text around ImageOregon City was the first capital of Oregon Territory. In 1852, after much controversy, the capital was changed to Salem. In 1855, the Legislature passed a bill removing it to Corvallis. The Federal Government refused to recognize the change. As a result both houses of the Legislature convened in Corvallis, in the building shown here on December 3, 1855, and passed a bill, within a few days, changing the capital back to Salem. This went into effect the same month and the Legislature re-opened in Salem on December 18. Although efforts were afterwards made to change the location again and by vote at an election in 1856 Eugene received the largest number of votes. The election, because of failure of four counties to make official returns, was ignored and the capital has remained at Salem since 1855.

The Oregon Legislature website (link below) provides a good timeline of events surrounding the Beaver State's capitol buildings over the years.

Historic Topic: Pioneer

Group Responsible for placement: Daughters of the American Revolution

Marker Type: City

Region: Willamette Valley

County: Benton

Web link to additional information: [Web Link]

State of Oregon Historical Marker "Beaver Board": Not listed

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Tootsie.22 visited Capitol of Territorial Oregon - Corvallis, OR 05/25/2022 Tootsie.22 visited it