Convent of Christ - Tomar, Portugal
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member tmob
N 39° 36.205 W 008° 25.111
29S E 549921 N 4383903
Quick Description: The Convent of Christ was originally a 12th-century Templar stronghold
Location: Santarém, Portugal
Date Posted: 2/27/2017 3:17:58 PM
Waymark Code: WMV5P6
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Benchmark Blasterz
Views: 5

Long Description:
«The Convent of Christ is a former Roman Catholic convent/monastery in the civil parish of Tomar. Originally a 12th-century Templar stronghold, when the order was dissolved in the 14th century the Portuguese branch was turned into the Knights of the Order of Christ, that later supported Portugal's maritime discoveries of the 15th century. The Convent and Castle complex is a historic and cultural monument which was listed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage list in 1983.

Templars

The convent was founded by the Order of Poor Knights of the Temple (or Templar Knights) in 1118. Its construction continued until the final part of the 12th century with the construction of the oratory, in one of the angles of the castle, completed by the Grand Master D. Gualdim Pais (sometime around 1160).

During the second quarter of the 13th century, Tomar was transferred into the control of the Templars, becoming its seat. The castle became an integral part of the defence system created by the Templars to secure the border of the young Christian Kingdom against the Moors, which at the time occupied the area to approximately the Tagus River.

Order of Christ

Following the dissolution of the Templar Order, on 14 March 1319 (following the request of King Denis of Portugal), Pope John XXII instituted the Order of Christ. The Templar order had been suppressed during most of Europe from 1312–1314, but in Portugal its members, assets, and partly its membership were transferred to the Order of Christ. The seat of the former Knights Templar was converted in 1357 into the seat of this new order.»

-- Source

Name of Military Order: Knights Templar

Link documenting charitable acts: Not listed

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