Decature Dorsey - Ellicott City, MD
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
N 39° 16.113 W 076° 48.596
18S E 343863 N 4348138
Quick Description: A plaque about a black civil war hero.
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 3/19/2016 6:26:03 PM
Waymark Code: WMQQNY
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 4

Long Description:
The plaque says, " Howard County native Decatur Dorsey was one of only sixteen African American soldiers to received the Medal of Honor for courage under fire during the Civil War. Sgt. Dorsey, of Company B, 39th United States Colored Troops, earned his medal at the Battle of the Crater at Petersburg, Virginia, on July 30, 1864. He bore the regiments flag during the charge through the Crater to the Confederate line. According to his Medal of Honor citation, Dorsey "planted his colors on the Confederate works in advance of his regiment, and when the regiment was driven back to the Union works he carried the colors there and bravely rallied the men." Regimental color-bearers were especially courageous, because they could not defend themselves and were conspicuous targets for enemy sharpshooters.

African Americans were not allowed to serve as soldiers in the United States Army until authorized by the Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863. Even then, they had to fight for the right to fight, being first relegated to the garrison, guard, and labor details. Once in combat, however, black troops proved their valor time and again.

Seven African American regiments (called U.S. Colored Troops or USCTs) were raised in Maryland: the 4th, 7th, 9th, 19th, 30th, 39th and 118th. The Maryland General Assembly offered bounty money to each man who enlisted as well as to the owners who freed their slaves for service. Many slaves, however, freed themselves from their masters and ran away to join the Union forces. After the war, surviving veterans were among those who built this school in the 1880s."
Type of site: Other

Admission Charged: No Charge

Address: Not listed

Phone Number: Not listed

Website: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

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