Mausoleum of Hadrian - Rome, Italy
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 41° 54.201 E 012° 27.999
33T E 289869 N 4642149
Quick Description: The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as Castel Sant'Angelo (English: Castle of the Holy Angel), is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy.
Location: Lazio, Italy
Date Posted: 10/14/2015 12:34:36 PM
Waymark Code: WMPRQA
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member fi67
Views: 16

Long Description:
It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum.

The tomb was erected on the right bank of the Tiber, between 134 and 139 AD.

Originally the mausoleum was a decorated cylinder, with a garden top and golden quadriga. Hadrian's ashes were placed here a year after his death in Baiae in 138, together with those of his wife Sabina, and his first adopted son, Lucius Aelius, who also died in 138. Following this, the remains of succeeding emperors were also placed here, the last recorded deposition being Caracalla in 217. The urns containing these ashes were probably placed in what is now known as the Treasury room deep within the building.

Much of the tomb contents and decorations have been lost since the building's conversion to a military fortress in 401 and its subsequent inclusion in the Aurelian Walls by Flavius Augustus Honorius. The urns and ashes were scattered by Visigoth looters during Alaric's sacking of Rome in 410, and the original decorative bronze and stone statuary were thrown down upon the attacking Goths when they besieged Rome in 537, as recounted by Procopius.

The popes converted the structure into a castle, beginning in the 14th century; Pope Nicholas III connected the castle to St Peter's Basilica by a covered fortified corridor called the Passetto di Borgo. The fortress was the refuge of Pope Clement VII from the siege of Charles V's Landsknechte during the Sack of Rome (1527).

Decommissioned in 1901, the castle is now a museum, the Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant'Angelo.
Most Relevant Historical Period: Roman Empire > 27 B.C.

Admission Fee: 10€50

Opening days/times:
Tuesday to Sunday 9.00 - 19.30 Closed Mondays; 25/12; 1/01. The ticket office closes at 18.30


Web Site: [Web Link]

Condition: Partly intact or reconstructed

Visit Instructions:
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