The United States Army and the Oregon Trail -- OT Ruts State Historic Site nr Guernsey WY
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Benchmark Blasterz
N 42° 15.363 W 104° 44.908
13T E 520747 N 4678236
A series of six brown historical markers next to each other along the trail from the parking lot to the trail ruts
Waymark Code: WMK1W2
Location: Wyoming, United States
Date Posted: 01/31/2014
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 3

This first of six historical markers is located along the very short trail from the parking lot to the trail ruts at the OT Ruts State Historic Site near Guernsey WY. It was placed by the US Army to explain the history of the Army and the Oregon Trail.

For more, see here (visit link)

The marker reads as follows:



Lieutenant John C. Fremont led an expedition west in 1842 to map a route to Oregon Territory. The scout, Kit Carson, guided the expedition. Lieutenant Fremont’s report and Charles Preuss’s maps were used by many emigrants.

In June if 1849, the First Army post in Wyoming was established at Fort Laramie, also known as Fort John. Fort John was an old American Fur Company trading post located near the confluence of the Laramie and North Platte Rivers. The mission of Army units stationed at Fort Laramie was to protect emigrants travelling the Oregon Trail.
East of Fort Laramie at the confluence of Horse Creek and the North Platte River, the first Fort Laramie Treaty (1851) was signed by representatives of the Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Gros Ventre, Mandan, Assinboin, and Crow Nations to allow whites safe passage along the Oregon Trail.

On August 19, 1854, an emigrant’s lame cow was killed and eaten by members and guests of a Brule-Sioux village located approximately nine miles east of Fort Laramie. This led to an event known as the “Grattan massacre”. Lieutenant John Grattan’s badly mishandled attemot to arrest High Forehead, a Miniconjou-Sioux, who had killed the cow, resulted in the deaths of Grattan, 29 soldiers, and Brule Chief Conquering Bear.

Near present-day Casper, Wyoming, the Army established Camp Payne in 1858 and abandoned it in 1859. In 1862, Platte Bridge Station was established nearby. Two separate battles would occur near the station on July 26, 1865 involving Cheyenne Sioux, ad Arapaho warriors and the US Army. In the first, Lieutenant Caspar W. Collins and four troopers were killed. Sergeant Amos J. Custard and twenty-two troopers were killed in the final battle. Sixty warriors involved in the battles were estimated to have been killed. Platte Bridge Station was renamed Fort Casper in honor of young Lieutenant Collins.

With the completion of the Continental Railroad in 1869, and the relocation of the telegraph line the use of the Oregon Trail dramatically decreased and so did the Army’s role in protecting the trail."
Marker Name: The United States Army and the Oregon Trail

Marker Type: Rural Roadside

Addtional Information:

Group Responsible for Placement: US Army reserve, WY State Historic Preservation office and others

Web link(s) for additional information: [Web Link]

Date Dedicated: Not listed

Marker Number: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Please post a photo of you OR your GPS at the marker location. Also if you know of any additional links not already mentioned about this bit of Wyoming history please include that in your log.
Search for... Google Map
Google Maps
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Wyoming Historical Markers
Nearest Geocaches
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Casper&Aero visited The United States Army and the Oregon Trail -- OT Ruts State Historic Site nr Guernsey WY 09/07/2018 Casper&Aero visited it
Benchmark Blasterz visited The United States Army and the Oregon Trail -- OT Ruts State Historic Site nr Guernsey WY 08/07/2013 Benchmark Blasterz visited it

View all visits/logs