Largest Church in Italy - The Duomo - Milan, Italy
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Metro2
N 45° 27.849 E 009° 11.435
32T E 514899 N 5034531
Quick Description: The fifth largest church in the World... the Duomo is the largest in Italy. (The largest church in the world, St. Peter's Basilica is in the Vatican City State.)
Location: Lombardia, Italy
Date Posted: 10/4/2013 9:17:53 PM
Waymark Code: WMJ73Q
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 22

Long Description:
Construction of this Roman Catholic Cathedral began in 1366...and wasn't fully completed until 1965!
The focal point of any visit to Milan, this Cathedral is one of the most beautiful in the world.
This Wikipedia site (visit link) shows the list of largest churches.

And this website (visit link) provides a quote from Mark Twain:

"What a wonder it is! So grand, so solemn, so vast! And yet so delicate, so airy, so graceful! A very world of solid weight, and yet it seems ...a delusion of frostwork that might vanish with a breath!...

The central one of its five great doors is bordered with a bas-relief of birds and fruits and beasts and insects, which have been so ingeniously carved out of the marble that they seem like living creatures-- and the figures are so numerous and the design so complex, that one might study it a week without exhausting its interest...everywhere that a niche or a perch can be found about the enormous building, from summit to base, there is a marble statue, and every statue is a study in itself...

Away above, on the lofty roof, rank on rank of carved and fretted spires spring high in the air, and through their rich tracery one sees the sky beyond. ...(Up on) the roof...springing from its broad marble flagstones, were the long files of spires, looking very tall close at hand, but diminishing in the distance...We could see, now, that the statue on the top of each was the size of a large man, though they all looked like dolls from the street...

They say that the Cathedral of Milan is second only to St. Peter's at Rome. I cannot understand how it can be second to anything made by human hands. "

Wikipedia (visit link) also informs us:

"In 1386, Archbishop Antonio da Saluzzo began construction in a rayonnant Late Gothic style more typically French than Italian. Construction coincided with the accession to power in Milan of the archbishop's cousin Gian Galeazzo Visconti, and was meant as a reward to the noble and working classes, who had suffered under his tyrannical Visconti predecessor Barnabò. Before actual work began, three main buildings were demolished: the palace of the Archbishop, the Ordinari Palace and the Baptistry of St. Stephen at the Spring, while the old church of Sta. Maria Maggiore was exploited as a stone quarry. Enthusiasm for the immense new building soon spread among the population, and the shrewd Gian Galeazzo, together with his cousin the archbishop, collected large donations for the work-in-progress. The construction program was strictly regulated under the "Fabbrica del Duomo", which had 300 employees led by first chief engineer Simone da Orsenigo. Galeazzo gave the Fabbrica exclusive use of the marble from the Candoglia quarry and exempted it from taxes.

In 1389, a French chief engineer, Nicolas de Bonaventure, was appointed, adding to the church its strong Gothic imprint. Ten years later another French architect, Jean Mignot, was called from Paris to judge and improve upon the work done, as the masons needed new technical aid to lift stones to an unprecedented height. Mignot declared all the work done up till then as in pericolo di ruina ("peril of ruin"), as it had been done sine scienzia ("without science"). In the following years Mignot's forecasts proved untrue, but anyway they spurred Galeazzo's engineers to improve their instruments and techniques. Work proceeded quickly, and at the death of Gian Galeazzo in 1402, almost half the cathedral was complete. Construction, however, stalled almost totally until 1480, due to lack of money and ideas: the most notable works of this period were the tombs of Marco Carelli and Pope Martin V (1424) and the windows of the apse (1470s), of which those extant portray St. John the Evangelist, by Cristoforo de' Mottis, and Saint Eligius and San John of Damascus, both by Niccolò da Varallo. In 1452, under Francesco Sforza, the nave and the aisles were completed up to the sixth bay.
In 1500 to 1510, under Ludovico Sforza, the octagonal cupola was completed, and decorated in the interior with four series of 15 statues each, portraying saints, prophets, sibyls and other characters of the Bible. The exterior long remained without any decoration, except for the Guglietto dell'Amadeo ("Amadeo's Little Spire"), constructed 1507-1510. This is a Renaissance masterwork which nevertheless harmonized well with the general Gothic appearance of the church.

During the subsequent Spanish domination, the new church proved usable, even though the interior remained largely unfinished, and some bays of the nave and the transepts were still missing. In 1552 Giacomo Antegnati was commissioned to build a large organ for the north side of the choir, and Giuseppe Meda provided four of the sixteen pales which were to decorate the altar area (the program was completed by Federico Borromeo). In 1562, Marco d' Lopez's St. Bartholomew and the famous Trivulzio candelabrum (12th century) were added."
Type of documentation of superlative status:

Location of coordinates: entrance

Web Site: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:

Post one photo of the waymark that is a different view from the one on the page and describe your visit, including the date. Other information that you may regarding the waymark is encouraged. Neither you nor your GPSr need to appear in any photos!
Search for... Google Map
Google Maps
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Superlatives
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
siggibär visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 7/16/2018 siggibär visited it
SastRe.O visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 8/6/2017 SastRe.O visited it
Bush-Rescue visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 5/21/2017 Bush-Rescue visited it
Lord Yoruno visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 8/31/2016 Lord Yoruno visited it
pet@s visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 4/28/2016 pet@s visited it
bediss visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 6/26/2015 bediss visited it
Mirtilli visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 4/12/2015 Mirtilli visited it
Geo2m visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 7/21/2014 Geo2m visited it
Tharandter visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 9/26/2013 Tharandter visited it
dieSulzer visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 10/8/2012 dieSulzer visited it
André de Montbard visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 7/3/2012 André de Montbard visited it
*Team Krombaer* visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 3/6/2011 *Team Krombaer* visited it
Metro2 visited Largest Church in Italy  -  The Duomo  -  Milan, Italy 1/15/2010 Metro2 visited it

View all visits/logs