Gillems Camp Historic Sign 1 - Lava Beds National Monument
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member NW_history_buff
N 41° 49.457 W 121° 33.325
10T E 619966 N 4631275
This informative sign is located at Gillems Camp historic site and within the Lava Beds National Monument (park fees apply in season) in Siskiyou County, CA.
Waymark Code: WMFQN8
Location: California, United States
Date Posted: 11/19/2012
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member monkeys4ever
Views: 2

Wrap Text around ImageGillems Camp is a historic site from the Modoc Indian War of 1872-73 named after Colonel Alvin C. Gillem (pictured right) who commanded the U.S. Army detachment at this camp. This site was once a base for up to 600 men during conflicts with a small group of Modoc Indians who holed themselves up at nearby Lava Beds stronghold (now known as Captain Jack's Stronghold). This site later became a base for Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930s. All that remains now from either establishment are Howitzer Circle and Gillems Cemetery, both from the Modoc War era.

This interpretive sign highlights the different points in history that this area saw human development. The following are excerpts from this sign:

The original shoreline of Tule Lake lies just over the rise in front of you. Modoc Indians and settlers lived along the water's edge for generations. During the Modoc War and the era of the Civilian Conservation Corps, soldiers and enrollees lived here for a short time. Some even died here. Both the Modoc and settlers cherished the resources of Tule Lake, which ultimately created conflict. In the decades after the Modoc War, National Park Service rangers lived and worked where Modoc children once played. Though today's lake is a fraction of its original size, visitors and residents alike continue to be attracted to this oasis in the high desert. To learn more, walk the short guided trail that begins ahead.

Ancient Times to Westward Expansion:
Modoc camps dot the shoreline
First white settlers come to Tule Lake area
U.S. Army establishes Gillems Camp during the Modoc War
Draining of Tule Lake creates fertile farmland for homesteading families
The Civilian Conservation Corps builds facilities for Lava Beds National Monument
1933 to Today:
The National Park Service provides services to visitors exploring the lava beds

There are also two other informative signs located within a kiosk next to the parking area and I've included them with this waymark since they better illustrate the Modoc War and CCC's role at this site.

There is another website (addition to the link below) that offers a few nice pictures from the Modoc War and CCC of this area here.

Group that erected the marker: National Park Service, U.S. Dept of the Interior

URL of a web site with more information about the history mentioned on the sign: [Web Link]

Address of where the marker is located. Approximate if necessary:
National Park Service Road
Lava Beds National Monument
Tule Lake, CA USA

Visit Instructions:
Take a picture of the marker, preferably including yourself or your GPSr in the photo. A very detailed description of your visit may be substituted for a photo. In any case please provide a description of your visit. A description of only "Visited" or "Saw it while on vacation" by anyone other than the person creating the waymark may be deleted by the waymark owner or the category officers.
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