Lloyd's Building - Leadenhall Street, London, UK
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Master Mariner
N 51° 30.806 W 000° 04.930
30U E 702455 N 5710959
Quick Description: A futuristic(?) building that looks like a mix of cooking pans and pipelines. Located in Leadenhall Street in the City of London.
Location: London, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 8/8/2012 11:43:34 AM
Waymark Code: WMF1W7
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 3

Long Description:

The Emporis website (visit link) tells us:

"Architecturally, the Lloyd's Building draws heavily on architect Richard Rogers' earlier Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris.

At the heart of the building is a huge atrium, 14 floors and 76 meters (249 feet) tall.

On the ground floor of the atrium sits the Lutine Bell, salvaged from the French frigate La Lutine which surrendered to the British in 1793. The bell is rung once for good news and twice for bad, and the expansive atrium carries the sound to everyone in the building.

This was the first in a trio of City office buildings designed by Richard Rogers; it was followed by 88 Wood Street in 1998, and the Lloyd's Register of Shipping Building in 2000.

Inside the glass and steel hides an unexpected treasure: the classical Italianate wood-panelled Adam Room. Used by the Council of Lloyd's, it was designed by Robert Adam in 1763 and was originally the dining room of Bowood House until brought to Lloyd's piece by piece.

The building won the PA Award for Innovation in Building Design and Construction, 1988.

The imposing rostrum on the ground floor which houses the famous 'Lutine Bell' is fashioned from mahogany and was brought to the current building from the previous Lloyd's Building of 1928 designed by Sir Thomas Edwin Cooper.

Part of the original Sir Thomas Edwin Cooper-designed Lloyd's Building's retained façade along Leadenhall Street is incorporated into the current structure.

Construction costs at completion were around £75,000,000.

The building was opened by Queen Elizabeth II and the Duke of Edinburgh on November 18th 1986.

The building is noted for its multi-storey, free-standing escalator array within the atrium; the mechanisms within are exposed and are punctuated in yellow.

Awarded the Supreme Award for Structural Engineering Excellence, the Award's highest accolade.

The atrium was influenced by Joseph Paxton's Crystal Palace of 1851.

Essential services are sited on the exterior of the building in six vertical towers, thus creating large and uninterrupted spaces within.

The building's height rises from seven storeys on the south elevation through a series of terraces to its full height on the north side.

Due to its original glazing system the building emits a warm glow visible from the exterior and is even more spectacular at night.

The building's extravagant design led to numerous awards, including Civic Trust Award, Concrete Society Commendation and Financial Times 'Architecture at Work' Award in 1987, crowned with RIBA Award in 1988 certifying its success and recognition.

The building takes its name from one Edward Lloyd who founded a coffee shop on this site in 1688, from where maritime insurance was conducted.

The external windows have triple layered solar control glass with a ventilated cavity enabling it to refract back artificial light into the interior. This helps to decrease the need for light after sunset.

The 12 external glass lifts were the first in Britain.

33,510 cubic metres of concrete were used in the building's construction, as were 12,000 square metres of glass, 30,000 square metres of stainless steel cladding, 5,000 square metres of anodised aluminium frame and 2,000 square metres of painted steel.

Incorporated into the building are 1,400 kilometres (864 miles) of window gasket seals and 80 kilometres (49 miles) of ducts and pipes.

The total possible underwriting area is 19,000 square metres.

The Lloyd's Building is one of the finest examples of British High-Tech architecture and has been described as a 'mechanical cathedral'.

The building was awarded the Eternit 8th International Prize for Architecture (special mention), 1988."

The English Heritage website (visit link) tells us that the building became Grade I listed in December 2011:

"A bold modern vision in the heart of the historic City of London inspired by Victorian architecture listed at highest possible grade.

The Lloyd's building - one of the few modern buildings that can rightly claim iconic status - has been afforded the accolade of being listed at Grade l, it was announced today (19 December 2011). Combining immense architectural expressiveness, futuristic design, and technical and engineering hyper-efficiency, the building - now thirty years old - has been listed on the advice of English Heritage, by the Minister for Tourism and Heritage, John Penrose.

English Heritage's Designation Director Roger Bowdler said: "We are delighted that the Minister has endorsed our advice to list the landmark Lloyd's building at Grade l. Its listing at the highest grade is fitting recognition of the sheer splendour of Richard Rogers's heroic design. Its dramatic scale and visual dazzle, housing a hyper-efficient commercial complex, is universally recognised as one of the key buildings of the modern epoch."

Construction began on the Lloyd's building in June 1981 by the Richard Rogers Partnership. The Queen Mother poured concrete for one of the main columns in a ceremony in November, and returned in May 1984 for the topping-out. The building was finally occupied in May 1986. As a commercial building, Lloyd's is remarkably innovative and fit for purpose as flexibility of use was core to its design. The materials are of high quality and its futuristic High Tech design has an extraordinary timelessness that makes it appear futuristic even 25 years after opening.

Richard Ward, Chief Executive of Lloyd’s, welcoming the listing said: “Lloyd’s was ahead of its time when it approved the building of One Lime Street – it’s a world famous building that has gone on to embody the world famous Lloyd’s brand. The building remains modern, innovative and unique – it has really stood the test of time just like the market that sits within it. This listing decision will protect the building against unsuitable alteration or development whilst retaining its flexibility to adapt with the market’s needs.”

Roger Bowdler added: "Flexibility of use is the very essence of the Lloyd's building, as for many commercial properties, and English Heritage fully recognises this quality. Listing celebrates the special interest of a building, and ensures that its qualities are respected while enabling appropriate change to happen. We have worked closely with the owners at every stage and a management agreement is in hand, involving the original architects, which identifies future options for change within this extraordinary successful building.""

City, State or City, Country: London, United Kingdom

Year Built: 1978-1986

Architect: Richard Rogers Partnership

Webpage from GreatBuildings.com or other approved listing: [Web Link]

Other website with more information about building: [Web Link]

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