Philemon P. Baldwin Memorial Shell Monument ~ Chickamauga National Battlefield
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 55.534 W 085° 14.542
16S E 660540 N 3866198
Quick Description: Monument to Col Philemon P. Baldwin, killed at the battle of Chickamauga on September, 19, 1863. Located in the NW corner of Winfrey’s Field on Brotherton Rd, Chickamauga National Battlefield.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 4/19/2012 4:08:14 PM
Waymark Code: WME8TV
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 2

Long Description:
This Shell Monument indicates the position where Col Philemon P. Baldwin was killed during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. Monument is a cannonball pyramids, painted black with a blue plaque indicating USA.

The following is form Wikipedia:
"By 6 p.m., darkness was falling, and Braxton Bragg had not abandoned his idea of pushing the Federal army to the south. He ordered Maj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne's division (Hill's corps) to join Polk on the army's right flank. This area of the battlefield had been quiet for several hours as the fighting moved progressively southward. George Thomas had been consolidating his lines, withdrawing slightly to the west to what he considered a superior defensive position. Richard Johnson's division and Absalom Baird's brigade were in the rear of Thomas's westward migration, covering the withdrawal. At sunset Cleburne launched an attack with three brigades in line—from left to right, Brig. Gens. James Deshler, Sterling Wood, and Lucius Polk. The attack degenerated into chaos in the limited visibility of twilight and smoke from burning underbrush. Some of Absalom Baird's men advanced to support Baldwin's Union brigade, but mistakenly fired at them and were subjected to return friendly fire. Baldwin was shot dead from his horse attempting to lead a counterattack. Deshler's brigade missed their objective entirely and Deshler was shot in the chest while examining ammunition boxes. Brig. Gen. Preston Smith led his brigade forward to support Deshler and mistakenly rode into the lines of Col. Joseph B. Dodge's brigade (Johnson's division), where he was shot down. By 9 p.m Cleburne's men retained possession of the Winfrey field and Johnson and Baird had been driven back inside Thomas's new defensive line. "
Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga



Shell Monument


Text:
Philemon P. Baldwin,
Col 6th Indiana
Commanding 3d Brigade,
Johnson’s Division
Killed here about 7 pm
September 19, 1863






From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-452A
  LCS ID: 003273




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

Monument contributes to nat'l significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

15' per side at base and 10' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a triangular molded limestone base. Attached to pyramid is a painted metal plaque identifying the site.



Long Physical Description

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield in corner of Winfrey Field, map site #101.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s) Material(s)
1. 
Superstructure
Iron
2. 
Superstructure
Concrete
3. 
Superstructure
Limestone
4. 
Substructure
Concrete


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
1895
AD
Betts, E. E.
Engineer
2. 
Rehabilitated
2006
AD
2006
AD
Jim Moran
Other


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Confederate Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Date Installed or Dedicated: 1/1/1895

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Union

Rating (1-5):

Photo or photos will be uploaded.: yes

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: Not listed

Related Website: Not listed

Visit Instructions:

To log a visit, a waymarker must visit the monument or memorial in person and post a photo. Personal observations and comments will be appreciated.

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited Philemon P. Baldwin Memorial Shell Monument  ~ Chickamauga  National Battlefield 9/24/2009 Lat34North visited it