Equestrian statue of King Carlo Alberto, Rome, Italy
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member vraatja
N 41° 53.983 E 012° 29.295
33T E 291649 N 4641692
Quick Description: Equestrian statue of King Carlo Alberto in the center of the Quirinale Gardens in Rome.
Location: Lazio, Italy
Date Posted: 4/15/2011 9:05:02 AM
Waymark Code: WMB7GY
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 17

Long Description:
Bronze equestrian statue of King Carlo Alberto was made by Raffaele Romanelli and it was dedicated on Mart 14, 1900 in the center of Quirinale Gardens in Rome near Presidential Palace.

Charles Albert of Sardinia / Carlo Alberto Amedeo (1798 – 1849)

He was born in Turin in 1798, to Charles Emmanuel of Savoy, "Prince of Carignan" and Maria Cristina of Saxony. His father was a fifth-generation descendant of Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano, founder of the Savoy-Carignano line of the House of Savoy. Because none of the sons of Victor Amadeus III themselves had sons, Charles Albert was throughout his life known to be their likely successor on the throne of Sardinia.

He was educated in the intellectually liberal and Francophile atmosphere of Geneva, then in Paris during the First French Empire. Napoleon I of France named him lieutenant of the dragoons in 1814. After the fall of Napoleon, Charles Albert returned to Turin. Two mentors were entrusted with countering the dangerous ideas about national liberation Charles had learned in France. However, he continued to display some sympathies with liberals.

In 1821, as regent for the kingdom in the absence of the new king, Charles Felix (then in Modena), he conceded a constitution that was disavowed by the king, who sent him to join the French army in Spain to suppress the liberal revolution there and restore Ferdinand VII. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Trocadero in 1823, which annihilated hopes of a constitutional monarchy for Spain and also gained him the favour of Austria.

Charles Albert succeeded Charles Felix to the throne of Sardinia in 1831. Although an Italian patriot allegedly opposed to the Austrian hegemony in Northern Italy, he put down the Mazzini conspiracy. He introduced a series of reforms that abolished domestic customs barriers within the kingdom, promulgated a constitutional law code (Statuto Albertino) inspired to those of France and Belgium, and supported the arts and sciences.

During the Revolutions of 1848 he agreed to a constitutional regime that remained in place for the century that the Kingdom of Italy lasted. The same year he declared war on Austria, with the small army supported by volunteers from the whole of Italy. However, after his initial victories lost him the support of the Pope and the other Italian monarchs, he was defeated at Battle of Custoza (July 24, 1848), being forced to sign an armistice at Vigevano on August 9. When, pushed by the increasing influence of the Republicans in Piedmont, he attempted to resume the war the next year, the Piedmontese were again crushed by Radetzky's troops at Novara. Rather than redrawing the Statute, he abdicated in favour of his son, Victor Emmanuel fleeing in exile to Portugal.

He died at Porto the same year. His remains were transferred to the Basilica of Superga.
Identity of Rider: Charles Albert / Carlo Alberto Amedeo (1798 – 1849) - King of Piedmont-Sardinia from 1831 to 1849

Name of artist: Raffaele Romanelli

Date of Dedication: Mart 14th, 1900

Material: Bronze

Position: One Hoof Raised

Identity of Horse: Not listed

Unusual Features: Not listed

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