Union Headquarters - Paducka - KY
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member trailhound1
N 37° 05.164 W 088° 35.979
16S E 357824 N 4105617
Quick Description: A historic marker in downtown Paducah commemorating the Union Headquarters for the District of Paducah.
Location: Kentucky, United States
Date Posted: 12/31/2010 8:24:50 PM
Waymark Code: WMADHC
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Alfouine
Views: 8

Long Description:
?Union Headquarters
Because its location at the confluence of the Ohio and Tennessee rivers, Paducah was a strategic location throughout the War. Large numbers of troops and supplies passed through Paducah on their way to campaigns in the lower South. Union headquarters was located here, a more convenient location than Fort Anderson for those with buisness to conduct with the city's commander.

A number of officers, some of whom went on to distinguish themselves in the War, served in Paducah or as commanders of the District of Paducah. Most notably, William Tecumseh Sherman was in command of the Distict of Paducah from February to March 1862. One of the longest serving was Col. Stephen G. Hicks.

Hicks was distric commander during the Battle of Paducah. Following the battle Hicks ordered a large number of buildings in the vivinity of Fort Anderson torn down because they had been used by Confederate to fire into the fort. This action was seen as excessive by local residents who were reminded of the abuses of the civil liberties by one of Hick's predecessors, General E.A. Paine.

At the beginning of the War Hicks was among the leading citizens of Salem, Illinois. He joined the Union Army in July 1861 at Clear Lake, Illinois. Hicks had served as a Lt. Colonel in the Mexican War and served in the Illinois ligislature at the same time as Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. He was mustered in as Colonel of the 40th Illinois Volunteer Infantry and briefly commanded the recruiting post at Camp Butler, Illinois. He was seriously wounded at the Battle of Shiloh and did not return to his command for seven months while recovering. Within a few days of his return to active duty he was discharged because of the severity of his injuries. At his own request, however, he was returned to active duty twoi months later and, because his injuries revented him fromtaking a field command,was appointed district commander in Paducah from November 1, 1863 serving until the end of the War, except for a few periods when he was assigned elsewhere temporarily. He was mustered out of the Army in July 1865 and returned to Salem, Illinois. After the War Hicks received a pension because of the injuries he sustained at Shiloh. The physician who examined him states that his arm was completely useless to the point that Hicks could meither dress nor undress himself. Hicks died in 1867.
Group that erected the marker: Paducah-McCracken County Convention and Visitors Bureau, Forrest C. Pogue Public History Institute, Murray State University

Address of where the marker is located. Approximate if necessary:
5th and Broadway
Paducah, KY United States

URL of a web site with more information about the history mentioned on the sign: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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trailhound1 visited Union Headquarters - Paducka - KY 12/31/2010 trailhound1 visited it