Monument to the Confederate Dead - Columbia, SC
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member ChapterhouseInc
N 34° 00.070 W 081° 02.004
17S E 496915 N 3762285
Quick Description: One of many memorials found around the state capitol, this one is the focal point of the main stairway.
Location: South Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 9/9/2010 12:44:41 PM
Waymark Code: WM9NJ0
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member adgorn
Views: 10

Long Description:
Inscription: (On front of die block:) THIS MONUMENT/PERPETUATES THE MEMORY/OF THOSE WHO/TRUE TO THE INSTINCTS OF THEIR BIRTH/.../UNVEILED May 13, 1879 (On side of die block:) TO SOUTH CAROLINA'S DEAD/OF THE/CONFEDERATE ARMY/1861/1865 (On other side of die block:) ERECTED BY THE WOMEN/OF/SOUTH CAROLINA (On back of die block:) LET THE STRANGER/WHO MAY IN FUTURE TIMES/READ THIS INSCRIPTION/RECOGNIZE THAT THESE WERE MEN/WHOM POWER COULD NOT CORRUPT/WHOM DEATH COULD NOT TERRIFY/...

Description: The monument is composed of a very large base on which rests a two-level pedestal. A die block is mounted on top of the pedestal for inscriptions and carvings. A shaft rests on the die block on top of which stands a Confederate Infantry soldier at guard. He holds the stock of a rifle with bayonet in his proper left hand and rests his proper right hand on the muzzle. He wears a cloak around his shoulders and has a canteen at his proper left hip. The west face of the shaft has a carving of a palmetto tree. The north and south sides have carvings of military emblems.

Remarks: Monument to the Confederate Dead was sponsored by the South Carolina Monument Association. Base was originally installed at Elmwood Cemetery but was moved prior to attaching the figure. The Elmwood Cemetery site had been offered by the directors of the cemetery after a spot overlooking Sydney Park had proved to be structurally unfit. When a sympathetic state government came into power after the reconstructionists left, the monument association successfully petitioned the legislature for a spot on the State House grounds. The granite for the foundation and base was furnished by Judge John S. Green from his quarry in Congaree. William Henry Trescot prepared the inscription. IAS files contain copies from a book edited by the South Carolina Monument Association, "The South Carolina Monument Association: Origin, History, and Work, with an Account of the Proceedings of the Unveiling of the Monument to the Confederate Dead," Charleston, SC: The News and Courier Book Presses, 1879. IAS files also contain copy of newspaper article from The Columbia Record, Oct. 17, 1985, which discusses cleaning of the monument. For additional information see: The State (Columbia, SC), March 21, 1936; The Columbia Record, Nov. 7, 1946; and The State (Columbia, SC), Nov. 8, 1959.

(visit link)
TITLE: Monument to the Confederate Dead

ARTIST(S): Nicoli, Carlo

DATE: 1875

MEDIUM: Italian Marble, Congaree Granite

CONTROL NUMBER: IAS 76008590

Direct Link to the Individual Listing in the Smithsonian Art Inventory: [Web Link]

PHYSICAL LOCATION:
South Carolina State House, Columbia, South Carolina


DIFFERENCES NOTED BETWEEN THE INVENTORY LISTING AND YOUR OBSERVATIONS AND RESEARCH:
none noted


Visit Instructions:
Please give the date of your visit, your impressions of the sculpture, and at least ONE ORIGINAL PHOTOGRAPH. Add any additional information you may have, particularly any personal observations about the condition of the sculpture.
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