FIRST -- Major Confederate Attempt to stop Sherman - Micro, NC
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
N 35° 32.293 W 078° 15.068
17S E 749215 N 3936208
Quick Description: This monument is at a rest area in North Carolina.
Location: North Carolina, United States
Date Posted: 8/13/2010 1:06:21 PM
Waymark Code: WM9FEF
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Mark1962
Views: 1

Long Description:
This is not the real place the battle took place! The actual battle ground is a few miles away from here. This plaque explains the three day battle. Over 500 people died in just three days. Most of them were part of the union. Over 4,000 people were hurt, injured, and missing.

The text reads:

The Battle of Bentonville
March 19, 20, and 21, 1865

At Bentonville, General William T. Sherman's Union Army, advancing from Fayetteville toward Goldsboro, met and battled the Confederate Army of General Joseph E. Johnston. General Robert E. Lee had directed the Confederates to make a stand in North Carolina to prevent Sherman from joining General U.S. Grant in front of Lee's Army at Petersburg, Virginia.
Johnston had been able to raise nearly 30,000 men from South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, and eastern North Carolina. His army included a galaxy of generals: Two full generals besides Joseph E. Johnston; four lieutenant generals; fourteen major generals; and many brigadier generals. Ahead of Sherman with his force, he looked for an opportunity to strike.

Sherman's Army of 60,000 men was divided into two wings: 30,000 men in the Left Wing marching via Averasboro and Bentonville, and 30,000 men in the Right Wing marching in a parallel route to the southeast. Sherman's North Carlina objective was Goldsboro, where 40,000 additional troops and fresh supplies would reinforce and nourish his weary army.

The three-day battle ended in a stalemate. After an initial success on the first day, the Confederates were unable to destroy the united Federal Left and Right Wings (60,000 men) and on the night of March 21-22 they withdrew. The Union Army, anxious to reach Goldsboro, did not pursue.

Troops involved: 85,000 to 90,000
Casualties: Killed Wounded Missing
Confederate 239 1,694 673
Union 304 1,112 221
Total 543 2,806 894
Total killed, wounded, and missing: 4,243

The Battle of Bentonville was important because it was:
1. The only major Confederate attempt to stop Sherman after the Battle of Atlanta, August, 1864.
2. The last major Confederate offensive in which the Confederates chose the ground and made the initial attack.
3. The largest battle ever fought on North Carolina soil.

The Harper House, residence in which John and Amy Harper raised their 8 children, has been restored on the battleground. This home was used during the battle as a Union hospital and after the battle as a Confederate hospital.

In the Confederate Cemetery nearby are buried 360 soldiers.

The museum and 6,000-acre battleground are open for tours on a regular schedule.

To reach the Battleground, proceed on Int. 95 nine miles to intersection of U.S. 701. Turn right and follow the signs eleven miles.

Archives and Highway Departments
FIRST - Classification Variable: Place or Location

Date of FIRST: Not listed

More Information - Web URL: Not listed

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