Pike Island Locks and Dam - Wheeling, WV
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
N 40° 08.863 W 080° 42.045
17T E 525488 N 4444195
Quick Description: The current locks at this location were completed in 1963, replacing wooden locks built as early as 1911. The gated dam completed in 1965 controls the level of the Ohio River, and this combination allows the frequent barge traffic to pass.
Location: West Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 1/29/2009 7:06:45 AM
Waymark Code: WM5PAW
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member cache_test_dummies
Views: 9

Long Description:
From the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers web pages:

Location

The lock chambers lie on the West Virginia side of the Ohio River along West Virginia Route 2, just north of the Warwood district of the city of Wheeling. The villages of Yorkville, site of a large steel plant, and Tiltonsville are across the river in Ohio.

History

The Pike Island locks were constructed from 1959-63, and were opened in November 1963. The dam was constructed from 1962-65. This structure replaced Locks and Dams 10 and 11, built by the Corps from 1912-16 and 1904-11, respectively. These had smaller lock chambers with old-style wooden wicket dams which were raised and lowered manually by the lock crews to maintain the required navigation depth in the river.

Project Information

The Pike Island project has two locks and a gated dam, one of the two major types of dams in service in the Pittsburgh District. Gated dams are constructed to permit increased control over the water level in the navigation pool upriver of the dam. Machinery mounted on tall concrete piers moves large chains which lift gates that are hinged into the body of the piers. As the gates are raised or lowered to control the amount of water flowing under them, the upstream pool is maintained at a relatively constant level for an authorized depth of at least 9 feet throughout its length. The dam, however, cannot be operated to control flood flows. An incidental benefit derived from the pool formed by the dam is the availability of a source of municipal and industrial water.

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(visit link)
Waterway Name: Ohio River

Connected Points:
The Ohio River flows from the confluence of the Allegany and Susquehanna Rivers in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania to the Mississippi River.


Type: Lock

Date Opened: 11/01/1963

Elevation Difference (meters): 6.00

Site Status: Operational

Web Site: [Web Link]

Date Closed (if applicable): Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Logs marked as “visits” should be made after physically visiting the waymark location. Include a picture taken during the visit. Notes may be logged by individuals who have visited the web site or looked at the online information and would like to provide comments or feedback on the waymark.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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jwe4i visited Pike Island Locks and Dam  -  Wheeling, WV 12/30/2012 jwe4i visited it