Pollard Memorial Library - Lowell, MA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Team Farkle 7
N 42° 38.779 W 071° 18.894
19T E 310233 N 4724137
Quick Description: In memory of the men of the city of Lowell who lost their lives in the Civil War.
Location: Massachusetts, United States
Date Posted: 11/25/2008 9:14:26 PM
Waymark Code: WM582M
Views: 15

Long Description:

According to their website;
Lowell's first public library was established in 1844. Originally located in rooms of the old City Hall on Merrimack Street, the holdings of this library constituted approximately 3,500 volumes. Some 28 years later, outgrowing this space, the library was moved to the Masonic Temple, also on Merrimack Street.

In 1889, the Lowell City Council passed a resolution providing for the erection of a new City Hall. Shortly thereafter, as a result of a petition by Lowell citizens, the Council authorized a second building to be located adjacent to this new City Hall, to be dedicated to the memory of the Lowell men who had lost their lives in the Civil War. This building would also be the site of the new library.

During the ceremony to lay the cornerstone, Edward T. Russell, Commander of the B.F. Butler Post of the G.A.R., said the new building would be "a monument to the heroism of the past and a storehouse of knowledge for the future."

For almost 90 years the building was known simply as Memorial Hall and the library it housed was called the Lowell City Library. In 1981, it was renamed the Pollard Memorial Library in memory of the late Mayor Samuel S. Pollard.

According to this website; Link
Pollard Memorial Library, also known as Memorial Hall, was dedicated in 1893 “as a memorial to the soldiers and sailors of Lowell who lost their lives in the Civil War.” It was designed by prominent Lowell native and architect Frederick Stickney who achieved a national reputation by designing buildings in Chicago, Cincinnati, and New York. Taking three years to build, the final cost for the building was $174,300.

Built of granite, the building was designed in the Richardsonian Romanesque style which was very popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries for public and institutional buildings. Named for influential Boston architect H.H. Richardson, other architects like Frederick Stickney emulated his designs after his death in 1886. The building is typical of the style with rough-faced, square stone work while the wide, rounded arches and deeply recessed door and window openings are also characteristic of Richardsonian Romanesque buildings.

The building is one of three imposing Richardsonian Romanesque structures built in the early 1890s in Lowell that also includes City Hall (designed by Merrill and Cutler) and the former central post office built by the federal government (today the juvenile court at 89 Appleton Street).

Although the functions of the City Library have changed little through history, the building has seen alterations. In 1915, a disastrous fire destroyed much of Memorial Hall on the second floor. When it was reconstructed, murals of significant military events (painted by famous French artist Paul Philippoteaux who also painted the Gettysburg Cyclorama painting in 1883) and additional stained glass windows were installed in the large upstairs hall. In 1981, the building was named the Samuel S. Pollard Memorial Library in honor of the late Mayor.

The Pollard Memorial Library has recently reopened after nearly $10 million and more than two years of renovations that modernized the facility at the same time respecting its historic architecture and design.

Date Installed or Dedicated: 01/01/4893

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: City of Lowell

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Union

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Related Website: [Web Link]

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