The Berlin Wall - Fulton, MO
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 38° 50.988 W 091° 57.297
15S E 590684 N 4300627
The Berlin wall fell, and 8 sections were brought to Westminster University where Churchill made his Iron Curtain Speech.
Waymark Code: WM3Q8P
Location: Missouri, United States
Date Posted: 05/04/2008
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member GEO*Trailblazer 1
Views: 43

Marker Erected by: The German Democratic Republic, Westminster University, Harry S. Truman, and a host of commercial benefactors.
Dedicated by: Former President Ronald Reagan.
County of Marker: Callaway County.
Date Marker Erected: November 9, 1990.
Artist: Edwina Sandys, granddaughter of Winston Churchill.
Marker Text:


Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945, the country was divided into four zones of occupation by the World War II Allies: The United States, Great Britain, France, and The Soviet Union. Berlin, located deep within the Soviet zone, also was subjected to four-power control. Three years later, the Soviets tried to force the Western presence out of the city by severing highway, rail, and water links between West Berlin and the rest of Germany. After an eleven-month Airlift organized by the United States, the Soviets lifted the blockade.

In 1949, the Western powers established West Germany by uniting their three occupation zones. Moscow responded by creating East Germany. As time passed, West Berlin, an island of Western prosperity within the Soviet bloc, became an even greater irritation to the Soviets. By 1961, three million East Germans had fled to the West.

In the early morning of August 13, 1961, 28 miles of barbed wire coils were stretched along the border between East and West Berlin, in an attempt to end the flow of refugees. Once the Soviets were certain the West would not destroy the temporary barricade, work began on a permanent concrete barrier. This wall became the physical manifestation of the "Iron Curtain", referred to by Winston Churchill in his 1946 "Sinews of Peace" address at Westminster College.

Twenty-eight years later, Moscow relaxed its grip on its satellite regimes because of internal crises in the Soviet Union, and permitted those governments to make decisions free from Kremlin domination. On November 7, after massive public demonstrations, the East German cabinet resigned; on the 8th, the Communist Party Politburo Central Committee resigned; and on November 9, 1989, an official of the East German government announced that the Wall would come down at the stroke of midnight.

The "Iron Curtain" was no more, and the re-unification of the divided Germany ensued.

Quotes on Art work plaque:
"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an Iron Curtain has descended across the continent."
Winston Churchill
March 5, 1946.

"The Wall has been pierced...East Germans are pouring through...There is no more Berlin Wall."
Associated Press
November 9, 1989.

Web link: Not listed

History of Mark: Not listed

Additional point: Not Listed

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