Hancock House (1734) - Hancock's Bridge, NJ
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
N 39° 30.477 W 075° 27.629
18S E 460412 N 4373248
Quick Description: Built in 1734, the Hancock House is an important tangible link to understanding the History of Salem County and our Nation’s struggle for independence.
Location: New Jersey, United States
Date Posted: 5/3/2008 1:46:23 PM
Waymark Code: WM3Q3T
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member Dragontree
Views: 18

Long Description:
3 Front Street
Hancock's Bridge, NJ 08038
(856) 935-4373

Background

The Hancock House was the home of a prominent "Salem County family" and is an excellent example of English Quaker patterned end wall brick houses (see my picture) associated with the lower Delaware Valley and southwestern New Jersey. It was also the scene of a British led massacre during the Revolutionary War.

Architectural Significance
The Hancock House earned a place in history on that fateful day in March 1778. Yet the story of its architecture also is important. With its distinctive patterned end wall brickwork, simple lines and little ornamentation, it reflects the building traditions of the Quaker’s English Homeland.

Other elements of this architectural style include Flemish bond brickwork; a pent-roof that wraps around the front and back of the house; simple entrance steps; interior paneling and the use of such local materials as Wistarburg glass.

The Revolutionary War
In the 18th century, largely English Quakers who were opposed to violence and armed conflict inhabited Salem County. Yet many supported the cause. This stance inevitably brought the tragedy of war to hearth and home.
The winter of 1777 found George Washington and his Army encamped at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. The British occupied Philadelphia. Both armies needed food and supplies. In February of 1778, General Washington ordered General “Mad” Anthony Wayne to forage for food, cattle and horses in South Jersey. A month later, Sir General William Howe dispatched 1500 British troops and loyalists under General Charles Mawhood to do the same.
Mawhood’s foraging activities met with considerable resistance from the Salem County militia and local patriots. Repulsed at the Battle of Quinton’s Bridge, a key transportation link to the fertile fields of Cumberland and Salem Counties, the British were frustrated and angry with the people of Salem County for their support of the Continental Army.
On March 20, 1778, Mawhood issued the following mandate to his British troops: “Go - spare no one - put all to death - give no quarters.” At approximately five o’clock in the morning of March 21, 1778, these orders were carried out.
With local Tories (British Loyalists) and their slaves acting as guides, Major John Graves Simcoe and approximately 300 troops attacked the Hancock House where they knew the local militia was stationed. Everyone inside was bayoneted; not a shot was fired. Among the 10 killed and five wounded, was Judge William Hancock. He died several days later.

A New Jersey State Historic Site
Administered by NJ Department of Environmental Protection
Division of Parks and Forestry
State Park Service

Open
Wednesdays through Saturdays:
10 a.m. to noon, 1 p.m. to 4 p.m.
Sundays: 1 p.m. to 4 p.m.

Closed
Mondays and Tuesdays, most state and federal holidays, and Wednesdays following Monday or Tuesday holidays.

Earliest Recorded Date of Construction: 01/01/1734

Architectural Period/Style: English-Quaker

Type of Building e.g. Country House, Stately Home, Manor:
Home


Interesting Historical Facts or Connections:
Please read Long Description


Listed Building Status (if applicable): National Register of Historic Places

Main Material of Construction: Brick

Private/Public Access: Public

Opening Hours (if applicable): From: 1:00 PM To: 4:00 PM

Related Website: [Web Link]

Rating:

Additional Dates of Construction: Not listed

Architect (if known): Not listed

Landscape Designer (if known): Not listed

Admission Fee (if applicable): Not Listed

Visit Instructions:
Tell us about your visit with any details of interest about the property. Please supply at least one original photograph from a different aspect taken on your current visit.
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Weird_Travels visited Hancock House (1734) - Hancock's Bridge, NJ 6/5/2011 Weird_Travels visited it
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