Lawrence and the Old Trails
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
N 39° 01.139 W 095° 08.242
15S E 314961 N 4321056
Historical marker located in rest area along the Kansas Turnpike near Lawrence.
Waymark Code: WM1ZHF
Location: Kansas, United States
Date Posted: 08/09/2007
Published By:Groundspeak Regular Member GEO*Trailblazer 1
Views: 54

Lawrence and the Old Trails

Between Lawrence and Topeka, the Kansas turnpike passes near the route of the old Oregon ~ California Trail, traveled in the 1800s by explorers, missionaries, soldiers, emigrants in search of land and forty-niners in search of gold.  Fifteen miles south of here was the Santa Fe Trail, which for more than 50 years served mainly as a trail of trade and commerce.  From the Missouri River it was some 2,000 miles to Oregon and California and around 800 to Santa Fe, following trails established centuries earlier by Native Americans.  Tribes living in this area during the 1800s included the Delaware, Kaw, Kickapoo, Shawnee, and Wyandot.

Travelers often stopped in Lawrence after its establishment in 1854.  The town became famous as a free-state headquarters in the territorial fight over slavery, with some of its more prominent citizens helping to transport slaves to freedom along the underground railroad.  Proslavery men responded in 1856 by sacking the town and destroying the newspaper office.  Lawrence underwent its greatest trial in 1863 when Confederate guerillas led by William C. Quantrill burned the town and killed more than 150 men and boys.  Lawrence soon rebuilt, and today is home to the University of Kansas and the Haskell Indian Nations University. ~ text of marker

Marker Name: Lawrence and the Old Trails

Marker Type: Rest Area

Marker text:
see above

Marker Location: Lane

Official Marker Number: 9

Name of agency setting marker: Kansas State Historical Society

Marker Web Address: [Web Link]

Year Marker Placed: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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