Civil War to Civil Rights - Washington, DC
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
N 38° 53.696 W 077° 01.568
18S E 324286 N 4307068
Quick Description: One of many historical markers in Washington, DC.
Location: District of Columbia, United States
Date Posted: 2/20/2021 8:55:02 PM
Waymark Code: WM13V6W
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Alfouine
Views: 1

Long Description:
The plaque says, "“Main Street”
for the city
and the nation.

Just a few steps ahead is Pennsylvania Avenue the inaugural parade route for every president since Thomas Jefferson and “Main Street” for local Washington since the city’s founding. Jefferson planted the first trees along the avenue, and in the early days of the city it was a promenade lined with shops, hotels and boarding houses. Mary Todd Lincoln shopped here. The street was also the scene of President Lincoln’s funeral procession.

By the start of the Civil War, the area across Pennsylvania Avenue had become a run-down neighborhood of theaters, saloons, cheap hotels, light industry, and houses of ill repute. Its activities earned it the name “Murder Bay” and sometimes “Hooker’s Department” after Civil War General Joseph Hooker, whose plan it was to concentrate the activities of prostitutes in this area. It remained a light industrial area until the 1930s when a growing federal government consolidated offices that had been scattered in rented buildings around the city and built the complex of Neo-classical buildings known collectively as the Federal Triangle.

In the 1970s, the Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation began revitalization of this side of the Avenue, bringing new office, commercial and residential buildings to the street while preserving some of its 19th-century landmarks.

[Photo captions:]

Left and above
Mary Todd Lincoln shopped on an unpaved Pennsylvania Avenue that looked like this during the Civil War. Her bill for goods for the White House appears above. (Library of Congress; Washingtoniana Division, DC Public Library.)

Right and below
The Avenue has been the scene of countless parades, including Lincoln’s funeral procession, right, in 1865 and a women’s suffrage march in 1913. (Library of Congress; Washingtoniana Division, DC Public Library.)"
Group that erected the marker: Cultural Tourism DC

Address of where the marker is located. Approximate if necessary:
Washington, DC

URL of a web site with more information about the history mentioned on the sign: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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