FIRST -- Permanent German Settlement in Texas - Industry, TX
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Raven
N 29° 58.700 W 096° 30.212
14R E 740869 N 3319007
Quick Description: A 1936 gray granite state historical marker on the grounds of Ernst Memorial Park in the town of Industry, Texas (Austin County) denoting this site as the very first permanent German settlement in this particular state.
Location: Texas, United States
Date Posted: 10/21/2020 9:25:52 PM
Waymark Code: WM139X3
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member model12
Views: 0

Long Description:
Per the Texas State Historical Association's "Handbook of Texas" site:

"Industry, on State Highway 159 in northwest Austin County, was the first permanent German settlement in Texas. Its first residents were Johann Friedrich Ernst and his family, who had come from Germany, briefly resided in New York, and en route to Missouri learned about free land available in Texas. The Mexican government granted Ernst a league of land on April 16, 1831, and Charles Fordtran, who had accompanied the family to Texas, received a quarter of it as payment for surveying the entire tract. Ernst established his home on the eastern part of his league near the main road from San Felipe to Bastrop. "Ernst's Place" established a reputation as a resting place for immigrants and travelers. Ernst planted fruit trees and began to grow crops, including tobacco, which he made into cigars and sold in San Felipe, Houston, and Galveston. Early residents were described as very industrious, and the cigar industry is purported to be the source for the name of the town. In December 1837 the Republic of Texas authorized a post office. In 1838 Ernst laid out lots on his land for the town of Industry and advertised them for sale. Between 1846 and 1850 Ernst F. G. Knolle and his brother Frederick purchased 3,000 acres of the John F. Pettus league, adjacent to and southeast of the Ernst league. By the time Friedrich Ernst died in 1848, Industry was experiencing modest growth. By the 1850s cotton was the area's major crop. In 1857 Knolle, aided by Andreas Buenger, built the town's first cotton gin, and by the 1890s twelve gins were in operation in the vicinity. Germans, Czechs, and African Americans steadily settled the Industry area from the 1850s until the 1890s, although growth slowed briefly during the Civil War. Between the late 1920s and the 1960s the population declined. Farming and cotton production were the major sources of income in the Industry area until the 1950s. After that, ranching dominated the economy. In 1985 churches, clubs, and civic organizations remained active. The town had a school, a post office, a bank, a public park, twenty-seven businesses, and a population of 600. A substantial number of residents commuted to jobs outside the town. In 1990 the population was 475."


The Texas Historical Commission dedicated a state historical marker in the town's honor back in 1936 -- the state's 100th anniversary. It's located in a public park known as "Friedrich Ernst Memorial Park" and is engraved with just a few rather simplistic historical anecdotes:


Site of the first permanent German settlement in Texas


Founded by Friedrich Ernst - Born at Varel, Oldenburg, Germany - Immigrated to America, 1829 and to Texas in 1831 - Died here in 1858 - The town was laid out in 1838

FIRST - Classification Variable: Place or Location

Date of FIRST: 1/1/1831

More Information - Web URL: [Web Link]

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Raven visited FIRST -- Permanent German Settlement in Texas - Industry, TX 10/3/2020 Raven visited it