Benjamin Franklin - Montréal, Québec
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Weathervane
N 45° 29.819 W 073° 33.903
18T E 612113 N 5039162
Quick Description: En 1763 Benjamin Franklin organisa le premier service postal régulier au Canada. In 1763, Benjamin Franklin established the first organized postal service in Canada.
Location: Québec, Canada
Date Posted: 9/30/2020 11:20:14 AM
Waymark Code: WM13707
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member tiki-4
Views: 2

Long Description:
Inscription sur la plaque:

Services des Postes

Dès 1693 le transport des lettres se faisait par messagers entre Québec et Montréal. Le premier courrier connu est Pierre DaSilva, dit le Portugais. En 1763 Benjamin Franklin, alors sous-directeur des postes pour l’Amérique du Nord, organisa au pays le premier service postal régulier.

Benjamin Franklin

" Benjamin Franklin a contribué à la mise sur pied du réseau postal canadien en établissant des bureaux de poste à Montréal, à Trois-Rivières et à Québec. Le réseau postal empruntait la route qui existait entre Montréal et Québec et sur laquelle on avait déjà installé des relais de poste tous les neuf milles. Il a créé aussi un service de courrier entre Montréal et New York. Ce service passait par le lac Champlain et la rivière Hudson; il était bimensuel en été, mensuel en hiver, et reliait le Canada au service de paquebots-poste entre New York et l'Angleterre. En fait, jusqu'en 1788, toutes les lettres déposées au Canada central à destination de Halifax passaient par New York."

Source: (visit link)

Inscription on the plaque:

Postal Service

From 1693 couriers, the first known of whom was Pierre DaSilva, called the Portuguese, carried the mail between Quebec and Montreal. In 1763 Benjamin Franklin, then deputy postmaster general in North America, established the first organized postal service in Canada.

"About Stamp

The establishment of a regular postal service between Quebec, Montreal and Three Rivers in 1763, formed the nucleus of the Canada Post Office land mail service as it is known today, and established the Post Office as one of the first branches of the Canadian Civil Service. Benjamin Franklin, the Deputy Postmaster General in North America, came to Quebec from Philadelphia to set up the orgranization. There was no general mail service before this time, but Mr. Franklin did find a system of post houses along the post road. These served as a foundation which he expanded and developed. Hugh Finlay, a Scot who came to Canada in 1760, and served as Post Office Surveyor, was placed in charge of the Quebec office. The Post Office made use of horses, runners and boats for dispatch and delivery. Citizens of this area, and especially those who had worked in the old post houses, were requested to give all necessary aid to the new postal organization. Ralph Burton, Governor of Three Rivers and its dependencies, directed that saddle horses should be rented at a fee of six cents a league to carry mail to and from Quebec. Boatmen were to ferry letters and post office personnel. On delivery, the boat captain was paid one cent per letter by the postal clerk. Colonel Burton threatened punishment to those who caused hindrance or delay. There was little mail traffic between the settlements of the colony, later known as the Province of Canada. Travellers, and members of the clergy in particular, continued to carry news from one community to another, as they had for many years. Those who did use the mail service were assessed a fee, payable on delivery. In fixing the amount of this charge, distance and weight were the factors considered. Most of the mail carried between these post offices was to or from Europe, and crossed the Atlantic in mail packet steamer. During the winter months, mail service was halted. For the remainder of the year, the people could depend upon a fairly regular monthly service."

Reference: (visit link)
Location Type: Building

Reference Web Site: [Web Link]

Established Date: 1/1/1763

Property Type: Public

Fee required: no

Location Notes:
The plaque is mounted on the front of a Government of Canada building located at the corner of Saint-Jacques and de la Cathédrale Streets, in Montréal. The plaque faces Saint-Jacques Street and is a few feet away from de la Cathédrale Street.


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