Civil War Martinsburg-Focus of Contention - Martinsburg WV
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 39° 27.377 W 077° 57.847
18S E 244966 N 4371607
Quick Description: Martinsburg, strategically located on the Valley Turnpike, (present day U.S. Route 11) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was a major transportation center and the northern gateway to the Shenandoah Valley.
Location: West Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 8/24/2020 10:41:38 AM
Waymark Code: WM1319G
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member jhuoni
Views: 0

Long Description:
Civil War Martinsburg-Focus of Contention--Martinsburg, strategically located on the Valley Turnpike, (present day U.S. Route 11) and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, was a major transportation center and the northern gateway to the Shenandoah Valley. Both sides contested for it frequently during the war, and it changed hands many times.

In 1861, from late in May through June, Col. Thomas J. Jackson and his volunteers shut down the railroad, burning bridges and rolling stock. Jackson was here again in October 1862, and on his orders the roundhouse and other buildings were destroyed.

Here in the corner of Martinsburg, the courthouse and other buildings around the square are closely associated with the war. The Berkeley County Courthouse served as headquarters for the provost marshal after Union Gen. Robert Patterson’s army occupied the town on July 3, 1861. Pennsylvania soldiers scribbled in the court record books during the occupation. Belle Boyd, the famous Southern spy, later claimed that she was confined in the courthouse overnight after killing a Federal soldier who invaded her home on Queen Street and insulted her mother. In March 1862, Union forces again occupied Martinsburg and established headquarters in the courthouse. Charles J. Faulkner, U.S. minister to France when the war began and later a member of Jackson’s staff, described seeing the county records loaded on wagons to be taken to Winchester for safekeeping. Faulkner’s home, Boydville, was constructed about 1812 for his father-in-law and still stands nearby. Rear Admiral Charles Boarman, a veteran of both the War of 1812 and the Civil War, lived at 208 South Queen Street, located on the square. During Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Washington raid, part of his army occupied Martinsburg in July 1864.
Type of site: Transportation Route or Facility

Address:
intersection of East King Street (U.S. 11) and South Queen Street (State Highway 45)
Martinsburg, WV USA
25401


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

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