Mountain House Jackson's March - West Augusta, VA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 38° 18.377 W 079° 21.741
17S E 643185 N 4241067
Quick Description: The Battle of McDowell began three miles to the southeast (near the intersection of Routes 629 and 716) when Confederates were fired upon by Union cavalry on May 7, 1862.
Location: Virginia, United States
Date Posted: 7/15/2020 2:51:57 AM
Waymark Code: WM12TT9
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member jhuoni
Views: 1

Long Description:
Mountain House-Jackson's March— 1862 Valley Campaign —The Battle of McDowell began three miles to the southeast (near the intersection of Routes 629 and 716) when Confederates were fired upon by Union cavalry on May 7, 1862. After skirmishing, Federals rushed to the base camp here, sounding the alarm as they rode through.

A Northern cavalryman wrote, “Our company was the only company in the fight. They were the furthest company out – five miles beyond Shenandoah Mountain. They were cut off by Johnson’s force, and the only way they had to get back was to fight their way, which they did nobly. We lost but one man [but] had six horses killed in the road, and ten more shot that will never get well.”

This land was part of a farm abandoned by Henry Ryan, a prosperous settler who had moved from the area because he was a pacifist. On May 8, 1862, a Staunton diarist wrote, “General Johnson surprised the Federal scouts, some 200 cavalry, on yesterday at Ryan’s in the Pastures… Cannonading was heard today from early morning till four o’clock p.m. in the direction of Shenandoah Mountain.”

Georgia troops had camped in Ryan’s fields while stationed atop Shenandoah Mountain. After they abandoned Camp Shenandoah on April 19, Federals advanced to this point, with cavalry stationed to the east as pickets.

“The enemy… had retreated up the Shenandoah Mountain but we supposed was still holding our ‘Fort Johnson’ at the pass on the top. The General ordered me to go up the spur of the mountain on our right, preceded by a line of skirmishers…. We had to scramble up a steep slope but finally reached the top only to find the enemy all gone but seeing their rear guard on the top of Shaw’s Ridge.” – Jed Hotchkiss, Stonewall Jackson’s mapmaker, May 7, 1862.
Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
Intersection of Shenandoah Mountain Drive (U.S. 250) and Ramsey's Draft North,
Marker is in a picnic park. Vehicle parking is inside the park.
West Augusta, VA USA
24485


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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