Béla IV of Hungary (IV. Béla magyar király) - Hosök tere, Budapest, Hungary
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member vraatja
N 47° 30.933 E 019° 04.694
34T E 355310 N 5264247
Quick Description: Bronze statue of Béla IV of Hungary, the King of Hungary and Croatia between 1235 and 1270 called by the Hungarians "the second founder of our country". His statue can be found in a semi-circular pantheon -a part of the Milleniu Monument in Budapest.
Location: Budapest, Hungary
Date Posted: 5/17/2020 11:48:14 PM
Waymark Code: WM12FRV
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Dorcadion Team
Views: 0

Long Description:
In the fifth window from the left of the two-winged semi-circular pantheon, which is filled with 7-7 statues of Hungarian leaders, kings and governors a bronze statue of Bela IV King of of Hungary is located. Béla IV (1206 – 1270)was King of Hungary (1235–70) and of Croatia (1235–70) and the Duke of Styria 1254–58. One of the most famous kings of Hungary, he distinguished himself through his policy of strengthening of the royal power following the example of his grand father Bela III, and by the rebuilding Hungary after the catastrophe of the Mongolian invasion in 1241. For this reason he was called by the Hungarians "the second founder of our country".

Biography

Béla IV, (born 1206—died May 3, 1270), king of Hungary (1235–70) during whose reign the Mongol invasions left three-quarters of Hungary in ruins. He was the son of Andrew II.

Routed on the banks of the Sajó River in 1241 by Mongols under Batu Khan, Béla fled to Dalmatia, and for a year the kingdom of Hungary did not exist. So nearly complete was the country’s destruction that Hungarians, when referring to total calamity, use the word tatárjárás, meaning Tatar invasion.

When the Mongols withdrew because of dynastic troubles, Béla began to reconstruct his realm, a task that occupied the rest of his reign. Particularly difficult was the recovery of western portions of the kingdom seized by Frederick of Austria as the price of the aid he promised against the Mongols but never delivered. Béla defeated Frederick, who died in the battle near the Leitha River on June 15, 1246. Three years earlier Béla had been forced to cede Zadar to Venice, but he retained Split and other Dalmatian provinces. Because of his policy of religious toleration in Bosnia, that province remained quiet for years.

Béla fought wars with the new Serbian kingdom, founded by the Nemanja dynasty, and was frequently in conflict with Otakar II over Styria, which ultimately fell to the Bohemians. Béla turned back a second Mongol invasion of Hungary, in 1261, and he resisted the Premyslid dynasty, which had constructed a new Bohemian empire, absorbing territories of the Austrian Babenbergs and threatening Hungary itself. Béla had two sons and seven daughters by his consort, Maria, daughter of the Byzantine emperor of Nicaea, Theodore II Lascaris. Of these children, St. Margaret of Hungary became the best known.

Biography cited from (visit link)
Monarch Ranking: King / Queen

Proper Title and Name of Monarch: King of Hungary and Croatia

Country or Empire of Influence: Hungary, Croatia

Website for additonal information: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:

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