Edwards Ferry-Strategic Crossing - Poolesville, MD
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 39° 06.200 W 077° 28.392
18S E 286139 N 4331155
Quick Description: Gen. Joseph Hooker’s 75,000-man, seven-corps Army of the Potomac crossed the Potomac River here, June 25-27, 1863, on the way to Gettysburg.
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 3/7/2020 9:28:26 AM
Waymark Code: WM125Z9
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 1

Long Description:
Edwards Ferry-Strategic Crossing— Gettysburg Campaign —Gen. Joseph Hooker’s 75,000-man, seven-corps Army of the Potomac crossed the Potomac River here, June 25-27, 1863, on the way to Gettysburg. The army crossed on two 1,400-foot-long pontoon bridges. Heavy rains during those three days made the single road to and from the bridges extremely muddy.

On the afternoon of June 28, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalrymen, having crossed the Potomac into Maryland just south of here at Violettes Lock, burned 15 barges loaded with government stores in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal near here. They also captured mules and men working the barges.

This had been a strategically important crossing since Jun 1861, when Union troops first camped here. They suffered Confederate surprise attacks throughout the war. Col. Elijah V. White’s 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, which included troopers from the area, captured 16 Union soldiers and 35 horses and mules in August 1863. During Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s retreat after he threatened Washington in July 1864, his cavalry destroyed the Union camp, the canal lock, and several canal boats. Confederates attacked again across the frozen river in February 1865, bringing back 14 horses and equipment.

(sidebar) In December 1861, Professor Thaddeus Lowe, U.S. Chief of Aeronauts, established a base here for frequent balloon ascents to observe Confederate movements across the river near Leesburg. Although the Confederates attempted camouflage and concealment, the balloon reconnaissance proved fruitful and continued until March 1862. Gen. Charles P. Stone, commanding Federal troops camped nearby, made at least one ascent himself.
Type of site: Transportation Route or Facility

Edward's Ferry Road
inside the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park, at the end of Edward’s Ferry Road
Dickerson , MD USA

Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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Searcher28 visited Edwards Ferry-Strategic Crossing - Poolesville, MD 4/15/2012 Searcher28 visited it