Battle at South Mountain-A Natural Barrier - Middletown, MD
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Don.Morfe
N 39° 29.067 W 077° 37.198
18S E 274672 N 4373815
Quick Description: The Battle of South Mountain erupted on September 14, 1862, when elements of the Union army tried to drive the Confederate rear guard from Crampton’s, Fox’s, and Turner’s Gaps.
Location: Maryland, United States
Date Posted: 3/4/2020 5:24:52 PM
Waymark Code: WM125MF
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member iconions
Views: 2

Long Description:
Battle at South Mountain-A Natural Barrier-Antietam Campaign 1862-
The Battle of South Mountain erupted on September 14, 1862, when elements of the Union army tried to drive the Confederate rear guard from Crampton’s, Fox’s, and Turner’s Gaps and break through to the western side of the mountain to attack Confederates there. When Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia marched into Maryland earlier in the month, he was looking for supplies and recruits for a possible invasion of Pennsylvania. He hoped while resting men at Frederick that the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry would flee and leave his lines of communication and transportation unhindered. When the garrison stayed put, however, threatening his rear, Lee issued Special Orders No. 191 to divide his army and send Stonewall Jackson with about half of the army to capture Harpers Ferry. Lee marched over South Mountain, using it as a screen to help conceal the remainder of his troops and keep Gen. George B. McClellan’s pursuing Army of the Potomac at bay. But then the Federals found a dropped copy of Special Orders No. 191, and it became especially critical for the outnumbered Confederates to hold South Mountain passes until Jackson completed his mission and rejoined them. The day-long battle, it turned out, gave the Confederates just time enough.
Type of site: Battlefield

Address:
the intersection of Old National Road (Alternate U.S. 40) and Washington Monument Road,
Located in the parking lot for the Old South Mountain Inn.
Middletown, MD USA
21769


Admission Charged: No Charge

Website: [Web Link]

Phone Number: Not listed

Driving Directions: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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Searcher28 visited Battle at South Mountain-A Natural Barrier - Middletown, MD 7/15/2011 Searcher28 visited it