Rosecrans' Headquarters Shell Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Lat34North
N 34° 54.949 W 085° 16.314
16S E 657861 N 3865070
Quick Description: This pyramid of cannon balls marks the location of Rosecrans' Headquarters from 10 a.m. to 11:15 a.m. on Sept. 20, 1863. It is located in Dyer’s Field, south of Dyer Rd and east of Vittetoe-Chickamauga Rd in the Chickamauga National Military Park.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 2/21/2012 10:27:25 AM
Waymark Code: WMDT40
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member silverquill
Views: 0

Long Description:
This pyramid of cannon balls marks the location of Major General William Starke Rosecrans Headquarters on September 20, 1863, from 10 a.m. to 11:15 a.m. during the Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19–20, 1863. Rosecrans took command of the Army of the Cumberland on October 24, 1862.





Text on the front of the monument:

Field Headquarters
Army of the Cumberland
Maj. Gen. W. S. Rosecrans
Sept. 20, 1863, 10 A.M. to 11:15 AM




From the NRHP nomination form:

  Structure Number: MT-451(see note)
  LCS ID: 003257




Historical Significance:

  National Register Status:
Entered - Documented
  National Register Date:
10/15/1966

  National Historic Landmark?: No
  Significance Level:
Contributing
 

Short Significance Description:

The marker contributes to the national significance of the park under NR Criterion A because it represents the national movement among veterans to commemorate Civil War battlefields. This was the first U.S. national military park.

Short Physical Description

7'10" square at base and 5' high, the monument consists of a pyramid of cannonballs set in cement & painted black, resting on a molded limestone base. Attached to base is a painted metal plaque identifying the headquarters site.



Long Physical Description

The cannonballs were originally welded together, and then later laid with cement in the corners of the monument--vandals occasionally try to chip out the balls (2000 assessment).

Monument located within the Chickamauga Battlefield at map site #185.



Material(s)   
 
Structural Component(s)
Material(s)

1. 
Superstructure
Limestone
2. 
Substructure
Concrete
3. 
Superstructure
Iron
4. 
Substructure
Concrete


Construction Period:
Historic
Chronology:   
 
Physical Event
Begin Year
Begin Year AD/BC
End Year
End Year AD/BC
Designer
Designer Occupation
1. 
Built
1893
AD
1895
AD
Betts, E. E.
Engineer
2. 
Rehabilitated
2008
AD
2008
AD
 
 


My Sources
1. NRHP
2. Wikipedia - Battle of Chickamauga
3. The Civil War Home - The Chickamauga Campaign - Union Order of Battle
4. Wikipedia - William Starke Rosecrans
5. Wikipedia - Army of the Cumberland

Note
Trailhead Graphics, Inc. has produced a map of the Chickamauga Battlefield showing the locations of all of the monuments and the markers on the battlefield. Each location on the map has a number associated with it that cross-references to an index on the back of the map that has the name of the marker (called the Chick-Chatt NMP monument numbering system). This number corresponds to the structure Number listed on the NPS List of Classified Structures that is normally prefixed with the letters MT for the Chickamauga Battlefield.

Name of Historic District (as listed on the NRHP): Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park

Link to nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com page with the Historic District: [Web Link]

NRHP Historic District Waymark (Optional): [Web Link]

Address:
on a horse trail in Dyer’s Field, south of Dyer Rd and east of Vittetoe- Chickamauga Rd in the Chickamauga National Military Park.


How did you determine the building to be a contributing structure?: Narrative found on the internet (Link provided below)

Optional link to narrative or database: [Web Link]

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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Lat34North visited Rosecrans' Headquarters Shell Monument - Chickamauga National Military Park 5/19/2011 Lat34North visited it