Tycho Brahe - Nový Svet (Prague)
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Dorcadion Team
N 50° 05.445 E 014° 23.582
33U E 456582 N 5548897
Quick Description: Depicted marble memorial tablet, devoted to astronomer Tycho Brahe, you can find on the northern facade of historic residential house "U Zlatého Noha" (At the Golden Roc) in Nový Svet street N° 1 (Prague - Hradcany).
Location: Hlavní město Praha, Czechia
Date Posted: 3/2/2015 4:12:42 AM
Waymark Code: WMNEV7
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member NCDaywalker
Views: 38

Long Description:

Depicted marble memorial tablet, devoted to astronomer Tycho Brahe, you can find on the northern facade of historic residential house "U Zlatého Noha" (At the Golden Roc) in Nový Svet street N° 1 (Prague - Hradcany).

The tablet on the facade bears following inscription in Czech:

Léta Pane MDCCCCI zasazena jest
na tomto dome zvaném od starodávna
"U Zlatého Noha", nákladem obce Pražské
pametní deska ku pocte slavného
Dána Tychona Braheho císarského
matematika a hvezdáre, který léta MDC
v tomto dome prebýval a XXIV.ríjna
MDCI v nedalekém odtud dome, jenž stával
druhdy na míste nynejšího paláce
Cernínského, zemrel a byl pochován v
chrámu Matky Boží pred Týnem.

Translation to English:

AD 1901 mounted is
on this house from the past called
"At the Golden Roc", at Prague' municipality expense,
memorial tablet pay tribute to famed
Dane Tycho Brahe, imperial
mathematician and astronomer, who in 1600
lived in this house and in October 26
1601 in nearby house, which stood
once at the site of today's Palace
Cernín, died and was buried in
Church of Our Lady before Týn.

Tycho Brahe, born Tyge Ottesen Brahe [14 December 1546 Knudstrup, Denmark – 24 October 1601, Prague, Bohemia), was a Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations. He was born in Scania, then part of Denmark, now part of modern-day Sweden. Tycho was well known in his lifetime as an astronomer, astrologer and alchemist, and has been described more recently as "the first competent mind in modern astronomy to feel ardently the passion for exact empirical facts."

In his De nova stella (On the new star) of 1573, he refuted the Aristotelian belief in an unchanging celestial realm. His precise measurements indicated that "new stars," (stellae novae, now known as supernovae) in particular that of 1572, lacked the parallax expected in sub-lunar phenomena, and were therefore not "atmospheric" tailless comets as previously believed, but were above the atmosphere and moon. Using similar measurements he showed that comets were also not atmospheric phenomena, as previously thought, and must pass through the supposedly "immutable" celestial spheres.

As an astronomer, Tycho worked to combine what he saw as the geometrical benefits of the Copernican system with the philosophical benefits of the Ptolemaic system into his own model of the universe, the Tychonic system. Furthermore, he was the last of the major naked eye astronomers, working without telescopes for his observations.

Tycho Brahe was granted an estate on the island of Hven and the funding to build the Uraniborg, an early research institute, where he built large astronomical instruments and took many careful measurements, and later Stjerneborg, underground, when he discovered that his instruments in the former were not sufficiently steady. On the island (on which he demonstrated autocratic character and behavior toward the residents) he founded manufactories such as paper-making to provide material for printing his results.

After disagreements with the new Danish king Christian IV in 1597, he was invited by the Czech king and Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II to Prague, where he became the official imperial astronomer. He built the new observatory at Benátky nad Jizerou. There, from 1600 until his death in 1601, he was assisted by Johannes Kepler who later used Tycho's astronomical data to develop his three laws of planetary motion.

His body has been exhumed twice, in 1901 and 2010, to examine the circumstances of his death and to verify what material his artificial nose was made of. The conclusion was that his death was likely caused by a burst bladder as first suggested and that the artificial nose was more likely made of brass than silver or gold as believed in his time. [wiki]

Website with more information on either the memorial or the person(s) it is dedicated to: [Web Link]

Location: Not listed

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