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Connellsville Coke Region - Sheepskin Trail - Dunbar, Pennsylvania
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member outdoorboy34
N 39° 58.948 W 079° 36.937
17S E 618202 N 4426728
Quick Description: This sign of history is located along the Sheepskin Trail in Dunbar Borough, Fayette County, Pennsylvania
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 3/14/2018 4:39:54 PM
Waymark Code: WMXXXX
Views: 0

Long Description:
"Fueling the steel mills

Coal was mined in this region and transformed into coke
in beehive ovens. Almost pure carbon, coke burns hotter
than coal and was crucial to the success of Pittsburgh's
steel making.

One of the largest coking complexes was Adelaide,
founded by Henry Clay Frick in 1888 and named for his
wife. By 1910 it consisted of a coal mine, 375 coke ovens
and housing for employees. It stretched from this area to
nearly one mile downstream where a few partial ovens
remain. In 1916, at peak production, 223,908 tons of coal
were mined here and reduced to 149,270 tons of coke.

“…Pittsburgh built some of the new hot-blast furnaces and fueled them
with Connellsville coke, easily available over the new railroad.* After that,
if Pittsburgh made the Coke Region, the Coke Region made Pittsburgh
because it was her coal fields that gave Pittsburgh a running start.”
Cloud By Day, 1947.
*The new railroad was the:”P.McK&Y.RR” (see map at right), now the trail.

[Top Photo]
In this 1899 photograph, you can see the wooden coal tipple behind the coke workers. Men used the fourteen-tine coke forks to transfer the steaming coke into wheelbarrows which were then dumped into waiting railroad cars for the trip to the blast furnaces.

[Bottom Right]
From atop, lorry wagons emptied coal into the hot ovens. The front openings were bricked up to control the burn. Two or three days later, the finished coke was pulled out. By 1910, 44,252 of the 55,166 coke ovens in Pennsylvania were located in the Connellsville Coke Region.

[Bottom Left]
From the late 1800s and into the early 1900s, the Connellsville region was the world's coke producing center. This map shows the many coke works near Adelaide in 1899. Notice how many are owned by the H.C. Frick Coke Company."
Group that erected the marker: Allegheny Trail Alliance

URL of a web site with more information about the history mentioned on the sign: [Web Link]

Address of where the marker is located. Approximate if necessary:
Sheepskin Trail
Bridge Street
Dunbar, PA USA

Visit Instructions:
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