Geology of the St. Louis River - Wrenshall, MN
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member wildernessmama
N 46° 38.305 W 092° 18.906
15T E 552420 N 5165211
Quick Description: This geological marker is located at an overlook which gives a scenic view of the St. Louis River.
Location: Minnesota, United States
Date Posted: 3/12/2018 12:39:26 PM
Waymark Code: WMXXC0
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member lenron
Views: 3

Long Description:
This geological marker is located at an overlook which gives a scenic view of the St. Louis River. The text reads:

Geology of the St. Louis River

Two kilometers northwest of here, the St. Louis River flows on its way to Lake Superior. Its broad river valley, visible from this point, is in a western extension of the Lake Superior basin. Over the last two million years, the Lake Superior basin was scoured out by kilometer-thick glaciers repeatedly advancing along its length and eroding the soft sedimentary rocks that had filled it.

Near the end of the last glacial period, about 12,000 years ago, a tongue-shaped lobe of ice in the Lake Superior basin, called the Superior lobe, started to melt and recede northward into the basin. The southwestern end of the basin filled with its meltwater, forming Glacial Lake Duluth. The meltwater lake contained large amounts of red clay glacially eroded from the red sandstones and shales in the basin. Glacial Lake Duluth existed for centuries, and during that time more than 100 meters of lake sediment, comprised mostly of red clay, were deposited. That red clay is exposed down the slope from this overlook and forms the banks of the St. Louis River valley.

As the ice melted further northward into the basin, the primitive Lake Superior was able to drain by newly opened eastern outlets to the lower Great Lakes, and the lake level dropped about 60 meters below its present level. As the lake level fell, the meandering channel of the St. Louis River removed much of the red clay, creating the terrain you see.

Relieved of the great weight of the glacial ice, the earth’s crust has been slowly rising. The rate of rebound is fastest where the load of ice has been most recently removed. Thus, the northeastern lake basin and its eastern outlet are rising faster, thereby tilting the basin toward the southwest and flooding the lower course of the St. Louis River from Fond du Lac to the Duluth harbor.

Erected by the Geological Society of Minnesota in partnership with the Minnesota Department of Transportation and the Minnesota Geology Survey 1998
Marker Type:: Roadside

Visit Instructions:
A photo of the 'Marker' or 'Plaque' is required to identify the location, plus a picture of the 'Historic Site'.
Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
MapQuest
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Minnesota Historical Markers
Nearest Geocaches
Nearest Benchmarks
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
There are no logs for this waymark yet.