Brown End Quarry - Waterhouses, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK.
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Poole/Freeman
N 53° 02.926 W 001° 51.990
30U E 575982 N 5878296
Quick Description: Brown End Quarry located at Waterhouses is a disused quarry designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest because it demonstrates a particular type of limestone not seen in many locations in the Peak District.
Location: West Midlands, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 1/21/2018 9:30:16 AM
Waymark Code: WMXJWV
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Blue J Wenatchee
Views: 5

Long Description:
"Brown End Quarry is an outstanding geological locality and a Site of Special Scientific Interest of both national and international importance. The exposed Milldale and Hopedale Limestones of early Carboniferous age contain a rich variety of geological phenomena ranging from carbonate mudmounds and gravity flows deposits, to horizons rich in echinoderm remains, rare trilobites and a range of trace fossils." (visit link)

"Brown End Quarry became the County’s first geological nature reserve when it was acquired by the Staffordshire Wildlife Trust in 1987. Brown End was quarried for limestone from the mid 18th Century until 1950, when its inclusion within the Peak National Park restricted further development. Quarrying finally ceased in the mid 1960's. For much of this period the stone was dug by hand and typical production in the late 1940's was about 5,000 tonnes a year – not much by today’s modern quarrying methods!"

The dramatic vertical exposures you can see at Brown End Quarry were once part of the sea floor – imagine this whole area beneath a warm tropical sea! The rocks you see today were laid down 350 million years ago during the Carboniferous period. Sediments and dead sea creatures were deposited here where they reached areas of deeper, slower moving water (the ‘North Staffordshire Basin’). These sediments were subsequently, squashed, tilted and uplifted above sea-level into their present position around 290 million years ago. The vertical layers represent different layers of sediment laid down at different times on the sea floor."

"Brown End Quarry is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest because it demonstrates a particular type of limestone not seen in many locations in the Peak District. Much of the Peak District limestone is very coarse grained and was laid down in shallow, fast-moving waters.
The limestone at Brown End (known as Milldale limestone) was deposited in fairly still water at depths of around 300m. The rocks are therefore more finely grained with varying amounts of crinoid debris. Crinoids, or sea lilies as they are commonly known, are actually animals related to starfish and sea urchins. They were attached to the sea-floor by a stem and on top of the stem was a cup to which numerous ‘arms’ were attached. Other animals which lived on the sea floor and can be found as fossils include sea-snails and trilobites. Worm-like organisms which burrowed into the sea-bed are no longer present as fossils but their activity is marked by numerous sinuous and spiral ‘trace fossils’, examples of which can be found at Brown End.
The reserve also demonstrates the Hopedale limestones, which are of more recent origin. Look for the more coarsely grained rocks, where the grain size decreases in the upper layers. These beds are likely to have formed as a result of occasional powerful currents which swept other sea animals and larger particles from the nearby shallows causing larger particles to be deposited first and then gradually the finer ones. These graded beds are known as turbidite beds."
Source: (visit link)
(visit link)
Waymark is confirmed to be publicly accessible: yes

Parking Coordinates: N 53° 02.917 W 001° 52.000

Access fee (In local currency): .00

Requires a high clearance vehicle to visit.: no

Requires 4x4 vehicle to visit.: no

Website reference: [Web Link]

Public Transport available: Not Listed

Visit Instructions:
No specific requirements, just have fun visiting the waymark.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Gushoneybun visited Brown End Quarry - Waterhouses, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK. 8/28/2018 Gushoneybun visited it
Mike_bjm visited Brown End Quarry - Waterhouses, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK. 7/3/2017 Mike_bjm visited it

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