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Battle of Petitcodiac - Hillsborough, NB
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member BK-Hunters
N 45° 55.379 W 064° 38.734
20T E 372403 N 5086806
Quick Description: Marking a victory by the Acadians over British forces at Petitcodiac in New Brunswick, this monument stands along Main Street in Hillsborough, not far distant from the location of the battle.
Location: New Brunswick, Canada
Date Posted: 1/14/2018 7:27:56 PM
Waymark Code: WMXHER
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member MatthewCat
Views: 1

Long Description:
This plaque is mounted on a large mortared stone monument in front of the New Brunswick Railway Museum and beside the Hillsborough Municipal office and library.

The Battle of Petitcodiac took place on September 2, 1755, the Acadians defeating a New England provincial military force, delaying the expulsion of many of the Acadians on the Petitcodiac River for three years. As will be seen below, it was a hollow victory, as the Acadians were eventually deported, a great many dying on their deportation journeys. After the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763, many Acadians were allowed to return to their old homes in the Maritimes.

Combat of the Petitcodiac

Near this town on 3rd September, 1755, a detachment of Major Frye's troops, sent from Fort Cumberland to destroy Acadian Settlements on the river and compel the people to surrender for deportation, was defeated by a French force under Charles Deschamps de Boishébert.

From the CNHE Plaque

The battle raged across a section of marsh to the south and below the village for several hours. By the time the British were able to retreat to their boats they had suffered sixteen losses and seven wounded. The number of casualties is comparable to the total number suffered by the British during the siege and capture of Fort Beauséjour in May and June, 1755.

The British force landed to the north of the settlement. They began to destroy crops as they moved across the fields and up into the village. The force of one hundred men began to move into the settlement taking women and children captive and setting fire to houses and barns.

A French force under the command of the only French military officer left in Acadia had arrived a day too late to defend Shepody, a settlement on the Petitcodiac River south of Hillsborough. He gathered the men who had fled Shepody and hurried north. The Acadians could see the smoke of the burning village as they positioned themselves between the river and the dykes. The British were cut off from their boats, and pinned down on the open fields by the well concealed Acadian force. The battle raged for several hours before the British could make their bloody escape.

The victors of the Battle of Hillsborough had very little to celebrate. Their villages of Shepody and Hillsborough had been burned. Their wives and children had been carried off for deportation. It was late summer and their crops had been destroyed. Their livestock had been taken to Fort Beauséjour (named Fort Cumberland after its occupation by the British). Colonel Monckton, Commander and Chief of the Acadian operation, recorded this action in his journal on August 28, 1755 with these words: “Major Frye returned but with very bad success for having devided (sic) his party. One of them was surprised by the enemy and lost 23 men killed and taken. One officer was killed and another wounded; however, they burnt about 300 houses and brought in about 30 women and children.”
From Historic Places Canada

Photo goes Here

Name of Battle:
Battle of Petitcodiac

Name of War: French and Indian War AKA French and Indian War

Date(s) of Battle (Beginning): 9/2/1755

Date of Battle (End): 9/2/1755

Entrance Fee: Not Listed

Parking: Not Listed

Visit Instructions:
Post a photo of you and/or your GPS in front of a sign or marker posted at the site of the battle.

In addition it is encouraged to take a few photos two of the surrounding area and interesting features at the site.
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