STS-107, the Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster -- International Forest of Friendship, Atchison KS
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Benchmark Blasterz
N 39° 31.919 W 095° 08.942
15S E 315304 N 4378020
Quick Description: A memorial to the loss of STS-107, the Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster at the International Forest of Friendship, Atchison KS
Location: Kansas, United States
Date Posted: 11/27/2017 2:59:13 PM
Waymark Code: WMX507
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
Views: 0

Long Description:
STS-107, the last mission for the Space Shuttle Columbia, ended in disaster over Texas on 01 Feb 2003.

This waymarked memorial to that disaster stands at the International Forest of Friendship near the Moon Tree at Atchison KS.

The memorial consists of a polished black granite monument with the names and official portraits of the STS-107 crew and reads as follows:

"In honor of these Astronauts who perished serving their country in space on the Space Shuttle Columbia, February 1, 2003."

From Wikipedia: (visit link)

"On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated upon reentering Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven crew members.

The disaster was the second fatal accident in the Space Shuttle program after Space Shuttle Challenger, which broke apart and killed the seven-member crew 73 seconds after liftoff in 1986.

During the launch of STS-107, Columbia's 28th mission, a piece of foam insulation broke off from the Space Shuttle external tank and struck the left wing of the orbiter. A few previous shuttle launches had seen damage ranging from minor to major from foam shedding, but some engineers suspected that the damage to Columbia was more serious. NASA managers limited the investigation, reasoning that the crew could not have fixed the problem if it had been confirmed.

When Columbia re-entered the atmosphere of Earth, the damage allowed hot atmospheric gases to penetrate and destroy the internal wing structure, which caused the spacecraft to become unstable and break apart.

After the disaster, Space Shuttle flight operations were suspended for more than two years, as they had been after the Challenger disaster. Construction of the International Space Station (ISS) was put on hold; the station relied entirely on the Russian Roscosmos State Corporation for resupply for 29 months until Shuttle flights resumed with STS-114 and 41 months for crew rotation until STS-121.

Several technical and organizational changes were made, including adding a thorough on-orbit inspection to determine how well the shuttle's thermal protection system had endured the ascent, and keeping a designated rescue mission ready in case irreparable damage was found. Except for one final mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope, subsequent shuttle missions were flown only to the ISS so that the crew could use it as a haven in case damage to the orbiter prevented safe reentry.

Crew

Commander: Rick D. Husband, a U.S. Air Force colonel and mechanical engineer, who piloted a previous shuttle during the first docking with the International Space Station (STS-96).

Pilot: William C. McCool, a U.S. Navy commander.

Payload Commander: Michael P. Anderson, a U.S. Air Force lieutenant colonel, physicist, and mission specialist who was in charge of the science mission.

Payload Specialist: Ilan Ramon, a colonel in the Israeli Air Force and the first Israeli astronaut.

Mission Specialist: Kalpana Chawla, aerospace engineer who was on her second space mission.

Mission Specialist: David M. Brown, a U.S. Navy captain trained as an aviator and flight surgeon. Brown worked on scientific experiments.

Mission Specialist: Laurel Blair Salton Clark, a U.S. Navy captain and flight surgeon. Clark worked on biological experiments."
Disaster Date: 2/1/2003

Memorial Sponsors: International Forest of Friendship

Disaster Type: Technological

Relevant Website: [Web Link]

Date of dedication: Not listed

Parking Coordinates: Not Listed

Visit Instructions:
A photo of the memorial from a different angle or view than what is already posted is requested. If a camera is not available, please give a detailed description so that we can get an idea of your visit. Please list anything that has changed since the waymark was created.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Benchmark Blasterz visited STS-107, the Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster -- International Forest of Friendship, Atchison KS 8/21/2017 Benchmark Blasterz visited it