Geology of Minnesota, Jay Cooke State Park – Carlton, MN
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member wildernessmama
N 46° 39.215 W 092° 21.119
15T E 549583 N 5166873
Quick Description: This historical marker is located in the picnic area at Jay Cooke State Park.
Location: Minnesota, United States
Date Posted: 7/5/2016 6:05:21 AM
Waymark Code: WMRKQG
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member lenron
Views: 1

Long Description:
This historical marker is located in the picnic area at Jay Cooke State Park. The text reads:

Geology of Minnesota, Jay Cooke State Park

This point overlooks the St. Louis River Valley. The steeply inclined rocks in the river channel upstream are alternating beds of slates and graywackers of the Thompson Formation thousands of feet thick.

Slates are rocks formed from original deposits of mud which are first compacted into shale and subsequently converted into slate by heat, pressure, and movement in the Earth's crust. Graywackers originate as beds of sand with enough gray and black grains to produce the dark color.

These original sediments collected on the sea bottom about two billion years ago and subsequently, by deep-seated Earth movements, were folded, fractured, and tilted to stand at varying angles.

Glacial ice, moving over this area, completely filled the Lake Superior Basin and blocked the natural drainage through the St. Lawrence River. The meltwaters from the ice, unable to flow eastward, created a glacial lake standing 500 feet higher than Lake Superior. At this stage the water reached Jay Cooke Park and the Red Lake-Clay sediments, found in the road cuts in the park and in the valley downstream from this location, were deposited.

Erected by the Geological Society of Minnesota
and the Department of Conservation
State of Minnesota
Marker Type:: Other

Visit Instructions:
A photo of the 'Marker' or 'Plaque' is required to identify the location, plus a picture of the 'Historic Site'.
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