Historic Plaques - Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park - Fort Oglethorpe, GA
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member YoSam.
N 34° 56.413 W 085° 15.589
16S E 658918 N 3867795
Quick Description: Historic marker on all the other markers.
Location: Georgia, United States
Date Posted: 3/2/2016 5:11:50 AM
Waymark Code: WMQMAB
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 2

Long Description:

County of sign: Catoosa County
Location of sign: Lafayette Hwy, Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park Visitors Center, Fort Oglethorpe
Marker erected by: National Park Service

Sign Text:
Historic Plaques and Markers
   Battlefield plaques
  Document troops; positions and
   movements

On August 19, 1890, the U.S. Congress established the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park for the purpose of preserving and suitable marking for historical and professional military study the fields of some of the most remarkable maneuvers and most brilliant fighting in the war of the rebellion..."

The park commissioners, all veterans of Chickamauga or Chattanooga, placed hundreds of cast-iron plaques and other markers on the battlefield in the early 1890s. Each plaque identifies the location of a particular army, corps division, brigade, or artillery battery at a specific time. The plaques also describe military actions.

Hundreds of veterans contributed information for the plaques, and retraced their steps to determine the exact locations of their units. Today the plaques remain valuable tools for those who seek to understand in detail how these complex battles were fought.

Today you will find several types of historic plaques and markers on the Chickamauga and Chattanooga battlefields.

Blue Plaques
mark the positions of Union units

Red Plaques
mark the positions of Confederate units.

Cannon
mark the position of artillery batteries

Fingerboards
indicate directions, locations, or landmarks

Large cannonball pyramids
stacked 15-high mark the spots where brigade commanders were killed.

Small cannonball pyramids
stacked 7-high mark headquarters sites.

Authorized Strengths of
Infantry Units
To understand the information on the plaques and monuments, it helps to know how troops were organized. This chart shows theoretically how many men were in each unit, however, most units here were into battle at half-strength or less.
nits were identified by numbers, states, or the names of commanders. For example. "35th Ohio Regiment" or "Longstreet's Corps."
[please see photo in gallery]

Selected Terms
Used on Plaques
Battery
A grouping of cannon, usually four or six.

Casualties
Soldiers wounded, killed, or missing in action. Those captured are sometimes included.

Enfilade
To fire at an enemy line from an angle rather than from the front. This type of fire was especially deadly.

Flank
The right or left en d of a line of troops

Oblique
A direction diagonal to the line of battle.

Skirmish
A fight between small numbers of troops. A minor or preliminary engagement.

Vedettes
Sentries or pickets posted to report on enemy movements.

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: National Park Service

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Other or General Civil War

Rating (1-5):

Related Website: [Web Link]

Photo or photos will be uploaded.: yes

Date Installed or Dedicated: Not listed

Visit Instructions:

To log a visit, a waymarker must visit the monument or memorial in person and post a photo. Personal observations and comments will be appreciated.

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Benchmark Blasterz visited Historic Plaques - Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park - Fort Oglethorpe, GA 8/2/2017 Benchmark Blasterz visited it