St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Metro2
N 55° 45.138 E 037° 37.390
37U E 413584 N 6179370
Quick Description: Commonly known at St. Basil's, this most recognizable orthodox church has the official name "Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat" or Pokrovsky Cathedral. It is now a World Heritage Site.
Location: Russia
Date Posted: 10/26/2015 9:20:12 PM
Waymark Code: WMPVVF
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member bluesnote
Views: 14

Long Description:
Located in Moscow's Red Square...this church has become the icon representing Russia just as the Eiffel Tower represent France and the Statue of Liberty is instantly connected to the USA. The Cathedral is considered one of the great buildings of the world and it's architectural style had no precedent. Construction began in 1555...and it is considered to be the gepgraphic center of Moscow.

Wikipedia (visit link) further informs us that the church was erected "... in 1555–61 on orders from Ivan the Terrible. It commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan.

St. Basil's marks the geometric center of Moscow. It has been the hub of the city's growth since the 14th century and was the city's tallest building until the completion of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in 1600.

The original building, known as "Trinity Church" and later "Trinity Cathedral", contained eight side churches arranged around the ninth, central church of Intercession; the tenth church was erected in 1588 over the grave of venerated local saint Vasily (Basil). In the 16th and 17th centuries the church, perceived as the earthly symbol of the Heavenly City, as happens to all churches in Byzantine Christianity, was popularly known as the "Jerusalem" and served as an allegory of the Jerusalem Temple in the annual Palm Sunday parade attended by the Patriarch of Moscow and the tsar.

The building is shaped as a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, a design that has no analogues in Russian architecture. Dmitry Shvidkovsky, in his book Russian Architecture and the West, states that "it is like no other Russian building. Nothing similar can be found in the entire millennium of Byzantine tradition from the fifth to fifteenth century ... a strangeness that astonishes by its unexpectedness, complexity and dazzling interleaving of the manifold details of its design." The cathedral foreshadowed the climax of Russian national architecture in the 17th century.

As part of the program of state atheism, the church was confiscated from the Russian Orthodox community as part of the Soviet Union's anti-theist campaigns and has operated as a division of the State Historical Museum since 1928. It was completely and forcefully secularized in 1929 and, as of 2011, remains a federal property of the Russian Federation. The church has been part of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990. It is often mislabelled as the Kremlin owing to its location on Red Square in immediate proximity of the Kremlin."
Website: [Web Link]

Visit Instructions:
Please provide another photo of the location. You don't have to be in there shot, but you can. The photo requirement is to discourage any armchair visiting.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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pmaupin visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 5/16/2018 pmaupin visited it
Eagle1977 visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 9/7/2017 Eagle1977 visited it
GAB777 visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 5/13/2017 GAB777 visited it
CADS11 visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 10/5/2016 CADS11 visited it
Tromel visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 4/15/2016 Tromel visited it
Modestia visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 12/11/2015 Modestia visited it
surmaka visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 8/16/2013 surmaka visited it
JeanPierre12 visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 4/26/2013 JeanPierre12 visited it
Metro2 visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 9/8/2012 Metro2 visited it
EL_N_LE visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 9/17/2009 EL_N_LE visited it

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