St Giles - Barham, Cambridgeshire
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member SMacB
N 52° 21.927 W 000° 19.885
30U E 681687 N 5805037
Quick Description: St Giles' church, Barham, Cambridgeshire
Location: Eastern England, United Kingdom
Date Posted: 10/14/2015 3:45:27 PM
Waymark Code: WMPRRD
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 1

Long Description:
"The church of ST. GILES consists of a chancel (19 ft. by 12½ ft.), nave (29¾ ft. by 13 ft.), north aisle (4½ ft. wide), and a south porch. The walls are of pebble rubble mixed with stones, and with stone dressings, but the south wall of the nave is of rough ashlar. The roofs are covered with tiles.

The church is not mentioned in the Domesday Survey (1086); it was probably first built late in the 12th century. About the year 1300 the chancel and the chancel arch were rebuilt. Somewhat late in the 14th century new windows were inserted in the walls of the nave and, probably at this time, the eastern arch of the arcade was rebuilt and widened towards the east, the respond being reset. The church was restored c. 1850, when the porch and the north wall of the aisle were rebuilt, and a bell-cot built on the west gable; the west wall was restored and the porch rebuilt in 1903; and the chancel was restored in 1905.

The chancel, c. 1300, has a three-light east window with intersecting tracery in a two-centred head. The north wall has a similar two-light window. The south wall has two similar windows, and a piscina with a trefoiled head. The chancel arch, c. 1300, is twocentred and of two chamfered orders on similar responds with chamfered imposts; it is much distorted, the responds having settled over very considerably to the north and south. The buttresses at the north-east and south-east angles of the chancel seem to have been added and are clumsily finished at the tops.

The late 12th-century nave has an arcade of three bays of semicircular arches of two chamfered orders, resting on circular columns having simple crocketcapitals (one with the water-leaf) with square abaci, and well-moulded bases with griffes; the eastern respond is a half-column similar to the rest, but probably rebuilt and the arch widened; the western respond is a moulded corbel. The south wall has a 14th-century three-light window with a late head; a similar twolight window with a 16th-century head; and a late 12th-century doorway having an outer order with the chevron moulding carried on octagonal shafts with scalloped capitals and moulded bases, and a plain chamfered inner order, the whole reset as a narrower doorway with a roughly pointed arch. The west wall has a 14th-century two-light window with a late 15th-century head; in the centre of the gable is a large modern buttress, and above it is a modern stone bell-cot for one bell.

The north aisle, largely rebuilt c. 1850, has a modern single-light window in the east wall, and three modern two-light windows with a quatrefoiled circle in their heads in the north wall. The east and west walls and possibly small parts of the base of the north wall are ancient.

The south porch, rebuilt c. 1850 and reconstructed in 1903, has a two-centred outer arch of two continuous chamfered orders, and a plain single-light window in each of the side walls.

The 13th-century font has a plain circular bowl on a rectangular central shaft having chamfered angles, and three circular smaller shafts with moulded capitals and bases.

There is one bell dated '1841' with an erased inscription; by Mears of London.

The 17th-century Communion table has turned legs and a moulded top rail. There are several 17thcentury seats in the nave, having moulded knobs on the ends and shaped arm-rests; and a chest of similar date with inlaid panels. On the outside of the west wall of the nave is an early 14th-century tapered coffin-lid, found in the walling of the north-west corner, in 1903; and, in the wall of the porch, a piece of a volute with dog-tooth ornament found in the same year. There is a War Memorial, 1914–18, in the aisle.

The registers are as follows: (i) baptisms — 1695 to 20 September 1812, marriages 20 April 1698 to 14 October 1750, burials 20 May 1696 to 23 May 1812; (ii) marriages 14 October 1754 to 5 July 1812.

The church plate consists of a silver cup with no hall-marks, but the bowl appears to be c. 1570, while the base is 17th century; a silver paten, inscribed 'Presented to the Parish Church of Barham in memory of R. & M. E. by their sister S. G. 1878,' i.e. Robert and Mary Earl, and their sister Miss Gray; hall-marked for 1878–9."

SOURCE - (visit link)
Building Materials: Stone

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