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Pope Innocent III in San Giovanni in Laterano - Rome, Italy
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 41° 53.162 E 012° 30.399
33T E 293131 N 4640128
Quick Description: Innocent called for Christian crusades against Muslim Spain and the Holy Land, as well as the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars in southern France.
Location: Lazio, Italy
Date Posted: 10/13/2015 12:15:51 PM
Waymark Code: WMPRGP
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member NW_history_buff
Views: 6

Long Description:
One of Pope Innocent's most critical decisions was organizing the Fourth Crusade. Originally intended to attack Jerusalem through Egypt, a series of unforeseen circumstances led the crusaders to Constantinople, where they ultimately attacked and sacked the city (1204). Innocent reluctantly accepted this result, seeing it as the will of God to reunite the Latin and Orthodox Churches, but it poisoned relations between the two churches.

As pope, Innocent III began with a very wide sense of his responsibility and of his authority. The Muslim recapture of Jerusalem in 1187 was to him a divine judgment on the moral lapses of Christian princes. He was also determined to protect what he called "the liberty of the Church" from inroads by secular princes. This determination meant, among other things, that princes should not be involved in the selection of bishops, and it was focused especially on the "patrimonium" of the papacy, the section of central Italy claimed by the popes and later called the Papal States. The patrimonium was routinely threatened by Hohenstaufen German kings who, as Roman emperors, claimed it for themselves. The Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI expected to be succeeded by his infant son Frederick as king of Sicily, king of the Germans, and Roman Emperor, a combination that would have brought Germany, Italy, and Sicily under a single ruler and left the patrimonium exceedingly vulnerable.

In 1209, Francis of Assisi led his first eleven followers to Rome to seek permission from Pope Innocent III to found a new religious Order, which was ultimately granted. Though Pope Innocent initially had his doubts, following a dream in which he saw Francis holding up the Basilica of St. John Lateran (the cathedral of Rome, thus the 'home church' of all Christendom), he decided to endorse Francis' Order. This occurred, according to tradition, on April 16, 1210, and constituted the official founding of the Franciscan Order.

During the reign of Pope Innocent III, the papacy was at the height of its powers. He was considered to be the most powerful person in Europe at the time.

Innocent III died suddenly at Perugia on 16 July 1216. He was buried in the cathedral of Perugia, where his body remained until Pope Leo XIII had it transferred to the Lateran in December 1891.
Description:
See long description.


Date of birth: 1/1/1160

Date of death: 7/16/1216

Area of notoriety: Religion

Marker Type: Monument

Setting: Indoor

Visiting Hours/Restrictions: 7:00 am – 6:30 pm

Fee required?: No

Web site: [Web Link]

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Bush-Rescue visited Pope Innocent III in San Giovanni in Laterano - Rome, Italy 7/26/2015 Bush-Rescue visited it