Anne Frank House - Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Marine Biologist
N 52° 22.513 E 004° 53.035
31U E 628242 N 5804442
Quick Description: The house was built by Dirk van Delft in 1635. It is the house where diarist Anne Frank and her family hid from Nazi persecution in Amsterdam during World War II.
Location: Noord-Holland, Netherlands
Date Posted: 10/12/2015 12:11:11 PM
Waymark Code: WMPR9K
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Dragontree
Views: 11

Long Description:
"The Anne Frank House (Dutch: Anne Frank Huis) is a historic house and biographical museum dedicated to Jewish wartime diarist Anne Frank. The building is located at the Prinsengracht, close to the Westerkerk, in central Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

Building history

Canal house
The canal-side façade of the former Opekta building on Prinsengracht canal in 2008. The Secret Annex (Achterhuis) is at the rear in an enclosed courtyard.

The house — and the one next door at number 265, which was later purchased by the museum — was built by Dirk van Delft in 1635. The canal-side facade dates from a renovation of 1740 when the rear annex was demolished. It was originally a private residence, then a warehouse, and in the nineteenth century, the front warehouse with its wide stable-like doors was used to house horses. At the start of the 20th century a manufacturer of household appliances occupied the building, succeeded in 1930 by a producer of piano rolls, who vacated the property by 1939.

World War II

On 1 December 1940 Anne's father Otto Frank moved the offices of the spice and gelling companies he worked for, Opekta and Pectacon, from an address on Singel canal to Prinsengracht 263.

The ground floor consisted of three sections; the front was the goods and dispatch entrance, behind it in the middle section were the spice mills, and at the rear, which was the ground floor of the annex, was the warehouse where the goods were packed for distribution. On the first floor above were the offices of Frank's employees; Miep Gies, Bep Voskuijl (known in Anne Frank's diary as Elli) and Johannes Kleiman in the front office; Victor Kugler in the middle; with Otto Frank in the rear office above the warehouse and below the floors which would later hide him and his family for two years until their betrayal to the Nazi authorities.

The Achterhuis (Dutch for "back house") or Secret Annex — as it was called in The Diary of a Young Girl, an English translation of the diary — is the rear extension of the building. It was concealed from view by houses on all four sides of a quadrangle. Its secluded position made it an ideal hiding place for Otto Frank, his wife Edith, two daughters (of whom Anne was the younger), and four other Jews seeking refuge from Nazi persecution. Though the total amount of floor space in the inhabited rooms came to only about 500 square feet (46 m2), Anne Frank wrote in her diary that it was relatively luxurious compared to other hiding places they had heard about. They remained hidden here for two years and one month until they were anonymously betrayed to the Nazi authorities, arrested, and deported to their deaths in concentration camps. Of the hidden group, only Otto Frank survived the concentration death camps.

After those in hiding were arrested, the hiding place was cleared by order of the arresting officers and all the remaining contents (clothes, furniture, and personal belongings) of the Frank family and their friends were seized and distributed to bombed-out families in Germany. Before the building was cleared, Miep Gies and Bep Voskuijl, who had helped hide the families, returned to the hiding place against the orders of the Dutch police and rescued some personal effects. Amongst the items they retrieved was The Diary of Anne Frank."

--Wikipedia (visit link)
Earliest Recorded Date of Construction: 1/1/1635

Architectural Period/Style: Unknown - house was built in 1635

Architect (if known): Dirk van Delft

Type of Building e.g. Country House, Stately Home, Manor:
Town House


Interesting Historical Facts or Connections:
See Long Description


Listed Building Status (if applicable): Dutch National Monument 4296

Main Material of Construction: Brick

Private/Public Access: Public Access

Admission Fee (if applicable): 9.00 (listed in local currency)

Opening Hours (if applicable): From: 9:00 AM To: 7:00 PM

Related Website: [Web Link]

Rating:

Additional Dates of Construction: Not listed

Landscape Designer (if known): Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Tell us about your visit with any details of interest about the property. Please supply at least one original photograph from a different aspect taken on your current visit.
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