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Pope Sixtus V in Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore - Rome, Italy
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member RakeInTheCache
N 41° 53.827 E 012° 29.970
33T E 292574 N 4641376
Quick Description: Pope Sixtus V born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from 24 April 1585 to his death in 1590. As a youth, he joined the Franciscan order, where he displayed talents as a scholar and preacher, and enjoyed the patronage of Pius V.
Location: Lazio, Italy
Date Posted: 10/10/2015 1:05:33 PM
Waymark Code: WMPR0E
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member NW_history_buff
Views: 6

Long Description:
As Pope, he energetically rooted out corruption and lawlessness across Rome, and launched a far-sighted rebuilding programme that continues to provoke controversy, as it involved the destruction of antiquities. The cost of these works was met by heavy taxation that caused much suffering. His foreign policy was regarded as over-ambitious, and he excommunicated both Elizabeth I of England and Henry IV of France. He is recognized as a significant figure of the Counter-Reformation.

In his larger political relations, Sixtus entertained fantastic ambitions, such as the annihilation of the Turks, the conquest of Egypt, the transport of the Holy Sepulchre to Italy, and the accession of his nephew to the throne of France.

Sixtus agreed to renew the excommunication of Queen Elizabeth I of England, and to grant a large subsidy to the Armada of Philip II, but, knowing the slowness of Spain, would give nothing until the expedition actually landed in England. This way, he saved a fortune that would otherwise have been lost in the failed campaign.

Sixtus V died on 27 August 1590. He was the last Pope to date to use the name Sixtus.

As Sixtus V lay on his death bed, he was loathed by his political subjects, but history has recognized him as a significant figure in the Counter Reformation. On the negative side, he could be impulsive, obstinate, severe, and autocratic. On the positive side, he was open to large ideas and threw himself into his undertakings with great energy and determination. This often led to success. His pontificate saw great enterprises and great achievements. He slept little and worked hard. Having inherited a bankrupt treasury, he administered his funds with competence and care, and left five million crowns in the coffers of the Holy See at his death.
See Long description

Date of birth: 12/13/1521

Date of death: 8/27/1590

Area of notoriety: Religion

Marker Type: Monument

Setting: Indoor

Visiting Hours/Restrictions: 7:00 am – 7:00 pm

Fee required?: No

Web site: [Web Link]

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