Welcome to Illinois
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member NoLemon
N 37° 18.370 W 089° 26.896
16S E 283021 N 4131647
Quick Description: This Illinois Historical Marker is located at a roadside rest area near the bridge to Illinois from Cape Giradeau, MO.
Location: Illinois, United States
Date Posted: 9/5/2006 1:07:01 PM
Waymark Code: WMPMK
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Corp Of Discovery
Views: 31

Long Description:

Welcome to Illinois

In 1673 Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette explored the Illinois country for France. By the 1763 treaty ending the French and Indian War, this area passed to England. During the American Revolution, George Rogers Clark's men captured it for the Commonwealth of Virginia. Illinois was later governed as part of the Northwest Territory, Indiana Territory, and the Illinois Territory. In 1818, Illinois entered the Union as the twenty-first state.

Permanent American settlers began arriving at the state's southwestern tip in 1805. Earthquakes rocked the Mississippi valley in 1811 bringing refugees here in search of new homesites. After the War of 1812, another wave of settlers came, some bringing slaves. The newcomers raised cotton, flax, and tobacco. Later, they raised corn and wheat.

Northwest of here, at Jonesboro, Abraham Lincoln debated Stephen Douglas during the 1858 senatorial campaign. During the Civil War, Cairo served as a major staging base where men and supplies were assembled before departing for the war zones. Mound City on the Ohio River was the principal depot for the western river fleet. Nearby is Thebes, once a bustling river port. The town declined when railroads replaced the steamboats, but the beautiful 1848 courthouse still stands. Nowadays, tourists and hunters are drawn to "Egypt" -- Illinois sixteen southernmost counties -- by the beauty of the Shawnee Forest and wildlife at Horseshoe Lake.

Erected by the Illinois Department of Transportation and the Illinois State Historical Society 1980

County: Alexander

Historical Society: The Illinois Department of Transportation and the Illinois State Historical Socity

Dedication Date: 1980

Location: On IL Rte 3 between McClure and Thebes

Website: Not listed

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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iconions visited Welcome to Illinois 9/17/2011 iconions visited it
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BruceS visited Welcome to Illinois 4/9/2009 BruceS visited it
NoLemon visited Welcome to Illinois 9/4/2006 NoLemon visited it
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