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Lyon Cathedral - Lyon, France
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member denben
N 45° 45.654 E 004° 49.616
31T E 642070 N 5069105
Quick Description: Lyon Cathedral, also called Primatiale St John, is located in the historic district of Lyon, known as "Vieux Lyon" on the right bank of the Saône, at the foot of the Fourvière hill.
Location: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France
Date Posted: 9/6/2014 9:09:33 PM
Waymark Code: WMMDZY
Published By: Groundspeak Regular Member razalas
Views: 14

Long Description:
It is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to Saint John the Baptist and the seat of the Archbishop of Lyon.

The cathedral was founded by Saint Pothinus and Saint Irenaeus, the first two bishops of Lyon. The cathedral is also known as a "Primatiale" because in 1079 the Pope granted to the archbishop of Lyon the title of Primate of All the Gauls with the legal supremacy over the principal archbishops of the kingdom.

Begun in the twelfth century on the ruins of a 6th-century church, it was completed in 1476. The building is 80 meters long (internally), 20 meters wide at the choir, and 32.5 meters high in the nave. The cathedral organ was built by Daublaine and Callinet and was installed in 1841 at the end of the apse and had 15 stops. It was rebuilt in 1875 by Merklin-Schütze and given 30 stops, three keyboards of 54 notes and pedals for 27.

Noteworthy are the two crosses to right and left of the altar, preserved since the council of 1274 as a symbol of the union of the churches, and the Bourbon chapel, built by the Cardinal de Bourbon and his brother Pierre de Bourbon, son-in-law of Louis XI, a masterpiece of 15th century sculpture.

Inside the cathedral an astronomical clock has been keeping the time and the path of the stars since the 14th century. The clock is one of the oldest in Europe and has an astrolabe that indicates the date, the position of the moon, the sun, and the earth, as well as the stars in the sky over Lyon. Created in the age of geocentrism, the sun is shown circling the earth.

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