Rifle Pit Hill -- US 26 W of Guernsey WY
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Benchmark Blasterz
N 42° 16.037 W 104° 47.414
13T E 517299 N 4679474
The Wyoming historic marker about Rifle Pit Hill, which soldiers used to protect quarry workers and emigrants
Waymark Code: WMK2T3
Location: Wyoming, United States
Date Posted: 02/04/2014
Published By:Groundspeak Premium Member lumbricus
Views: 5

This roadside historic marker is along the US 26 just a few miles west of Guernsey WY.

The marker reads as follows:


Rock quarries, visible from several points near this location, were used beginning in 1849 to supply stone and lime for construction projects at Fort Laramie, about 15 miles east. Workers in the quarries were protected by soldiers stationed in fortified rifle pits dug into the crest of a low hill to the northeast. Five such rifle pits, eighteen to twenty four inches deep, form a well-arranged defense perimeter.

The rifle pits also overlook the Cold Spring campground, a popular camping and watering place on the Oregon-California Trail (1841-1868). Another major campground, known as Warm Spring, is located on the far side of the ridge to the south. Such springs were vital to emigrants traveling west. The North Platte River, running high and muddy with Rocky Mountain snowmelt, was not fit to drink for man or beast during the time of year the annual emigration passed this way. A still visible branch of the Oregon Trail is located about 500 feet north of Cold Spring.

Other major emigrant trail landmarks in the immediate area include the Oregon Trail Ruts National Historic Site, Register Cliff State Historic Site, ad a scattering of marked pioneer graves. The Oregon Trail Ruts, where wagon wheel tracks are worn up to five feet deep in a soft sandstone ridge, are the signature trail ruts of the entire Oregon-California-Mormon Trail system. At register Cliff, passing pioneers carved their signatures, hometown names and the date of their passage into the face of amile-long bluff beside the North Platte River. Both places present string visual evidence of the 500,000 westering pioneers who passed this way on their epic journey to Columbia River farmlands, California gold fields, and the religious freedom of the Great salt Lake Valley. Access to all sites is well-marked in the town of Guernsey."
Marker Name: Rifle Pit Hill

Marker Type: Rural Roadside

Addtional Information:
US 26 west of Guernsey WY

Group Responsible for Placement: State of Wyoming

Date Dedicated: Not listed

Marker Number: Not listed

Web link(s) for additional information: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Please post a photo of you OR your GPS at the marker location. Also if you know of any additional links not already mentioned about this bit of Wyoming history please include that in your log.
Search for...
Geocaching.com Google Map
Google Maps
Bing Maps
Nearest Waymarks
Nearest Wyoming Historical Markers
Nearest Geocaches
Create a scavenger hunt using this waymark as the center point
Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
Casper&Aero visited Rifle Pit Hill -- US 26 W of Guernsey WY 09/07/2018 Casper&Aero visited it
tamiuron visited Rifle Pit Hill -- US 26 W of Guernsey WY 09/03/2014 tamiuron visited it
Benchmark Blasterz visited Rifle Pit Hill -- US 26 W of Guernsey WY 08/07/2013 Benchmark Blasterz visited it

View all visits/logs