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40 Wall Street - NYC, NY
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Metro2
N 40° 42.405 W 074° 00.625
18T E 583593 N 4506675
Quick Description: Originally known as the Bank of Manhattan Trust building, 40 Wall Street is now the Trump Tower.
Location: New York, United States
Date Posted: 10/25/2013 6:39:54 PM
Waymark Code: WMJBNE
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member saopaulo1
Views: 14

Long Description:
A plaque on the front of this building reads:

"40 WALL STREET

BUILT IN 1929-30, AS THE MANHATTAN COMPANY BUILDING, THIS
PICTURESQUE 927-FOOT-TALL SKYSCRAPER WAS PLANNED AS THE
WORLD'S TALLEST BUILDING. CROWNED BY A PYRAMIDAL ROOF
AND FRENCH GOTHIC SPIRE, IT REMAINS AN IMPOSING PRESCENCE
ON THE LOWER MANHATTAN SKYLINE. IT WAS DESIGNED BY
H. CRAIG SEVERANCE WITH YASUO MATSUI, ASSOCIATE ARCHITECT,
AND SHREVE & LAMB, CONSULTING ARCHITECTS. THE MANHATTAN
COMPANY, FORMED IN 1799 TO PROVIDE PURE WATER TO THE
CITY, ESTABLISHED THE BANK OF MANHATTAN THAT SAME YEAR
IN A ROWHOUSE ON THIS SITE. BETWEEN 1929 AND 1960, THE
BANK OF MANHATTAN MAINTAINED BANKING FACILITIES IN
THIS SKYSCRAPER. 40 WALL STREET WAS ACQUIRED BY THE
TRUMP ORGANIZATION IN 1995.

NEW YORK LANDMARKS PRESERVATION FOUNDATION
1998"

and Wikipedia (visit link) adds:

"The Trump Building is a 70-story skyscraper in New York City. Originally known as the Bank of Manhattan Trust building, and also known as Manhattan Company Building, it was later known by its street address 40 Wall Street when its founding tenant merged to form the Chase Manhattan Bank. The building, between Nassau Street and William Street in Manhattan, New York City, was completed in 1930 after only 11 months of construction.

History

Architecture

The building was designed by H. Craig Severance, along with Yasuo Matsui (associate architect), and Shreve & Lamb (consulting architects). Edward F. Caldwell & Co. designed the lighting. Der Scutt of Der Scutt Architect designed the lobby and entrance renovation. Its pinnacle reaches 927 feet (282.5 m) and was very briefly the tallest building in the world, soon surpassed by a spire attached to the Chrysler Building a few months later.

Race to be the world's tallest building[edit]Construction of the Bank of Manhattan Building at 40 Wall Street began in 1928, with a planned height of 840 feet (260 m), making it 135 feet (41 m) taller than the nearby Woolworth Building, completed in 1913. More importantly, the plans were designed to be two feet taller than the Chrysler Building, which was in an ostensible competition to be the world’s tallest building. In order to stay ahead of the race, the architects of 40 Wall Street changed their originally announced height of 840 feet (260 m), or 68 stories, to 927 feet (283 m), or 71 stories, making their building, upon completion in May 1930, the tallest in the world. However, this triumph turned out to be short-lived.

Uptown at 405 Lexington Avenue, the Chrysler Building developers were in the works to top 40 Wall Street. By October 1929, tycoon Walter Chrysler used his secret weapon to win the race to the top; a 125-foot (38 m) stainless steel spire was clandestinely assembled in the Chrysler Building's crown and hoisted into place, bringing it to a height of 77 stories, or 1,046 feet (319 m). Once completed on May 28, 1930, the Chrysler Building surpassed 40 Wall Street as the tallest building on the earth, fulfilling tycoon Walter Chrysler's dream.

Upset by Chrysler’s victory, Shreve & Lamb, consulting architects of 40 Wall Street, wrote a newspaper article claiming that their building was actually the tallest, since it contained the world's highest usable floor. They pointed out that the observation deck in the Bank of Manhattan Building was nearly 100 feet (30 m) above the top floor in the Chrysler Building, whose surpassing spire was strictly ornamental and essentially inaccessible. However, such trivialities became a moot point when the Empire State Building was completed eleven months later in 1931, becoming the world’s tallest building at 1,250 feet (380 m) in both of those categories.

Plane crash

On the evening of May 20, 1946, a United States Army Air Forces C-45 Beechcraft airplane crashed into the north side of the building. The twin-engined plane was heading for Newark Airport on a flight originating at Lake Charles Army Air Field in Louisiana. It struck the 58th floor of the building at about 8:10 PM, creating a 20 by 10-foot (3.0 m) hole in the masonry, and killing all five aboard the plane, including a WAC officer. Fog and low visibility were identified as the main causes of the crash. At the time of the accident, LaGuardia Field reported a heavy fog that reduced the ceiling to 500 feet (150 m), obscuring the view of the ground for the pilot at the building's 58th story level. Parts of the aircraft and pieces of brick and mortar from the building fell into the street below, but there were no reported injuries of any of the estimated 2,000 workers in the building, nor anyone on the street.

This crash at 40 Wall Street was the second of its kind in New York City's history, the first being when an Army B-25 bomber struck the 78th floor of the Empire State Building in July of the year before. The cause of that crash was also fog and poor visibility.

The 1946 accident was the last time an airplane accidentally struck a skyscraper in New York City until October 11, 2006, when a small plane carrying New York Yankees pitcher Cory Lidle crashed into a 50-story condo building on Manhattan's Upper East Side."
Address:
40 WALL STREET NYC, NY


Year: 1929-1930

Website: [Web Link]

Current Use of Building: office building

Visit Instructions:
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Trail Blaisers visited 40 Wall Street - NYC, NY 5/17/2018 Trail Blaisers visited it
The A-Team visited 40 Wall Street - NYC, NY 8/27/2016 The A-Team visited it
ToRo61 visited 40 Wall Street - NYC, NY 8/13/2016 ToRo61 visited it
Ou_Est_Charly visited 40 Wall Street - NYC, NY 4/26/2014 Ou_Est_Charly visited it
Metro2 visited 40 Wall Street - NYC, NY 7/25/2013 Metro2 visited it

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