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Birthplace of Moses Cleveland - Canterbury, CT
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Chasing Blue Sky
N 41° 43.796 W 071° 57.878
19T E 253428 N 4624039
Quick Description: This historical marker, noting the birthplace of Moses Cleveland, is located on the north end of Canterbury, Connecticut, along Canterbury Road, Highway 169.
Location: Connecticut, United States
Date Posted: 5/29/2013 12:28:41 PM
Waymark Code: WMH68X
Views: 6

Long Description:
"Moses Cleaveland (1754-1806), who founded Cleveland, Ohio, was a lawyer, soldier and legislator, who surveyed Connecticut’s Western Reserve (Northeast Ohio) in 1796. The site with the marker, offers an outstanding vista." (visit link)

The site is located along the east side of Canterbury Road, where an historical marker notes the location of the birthplace of Moses Cleveland. It is about a mile north of the Cleveland Cemetery (Formerly the Old Church Burying Ground), where he is buried. The marker reads:

[Depiction of the Connecticut State Seal]
QUI TRANSTULIT SUSTINET

Birthplace of
MOSES CLEVELAND
1754~1806
Founder of Cleveland
Ohio


"Moses Cleaveland (January 29, 1754 – November 16, 1806) was a lawyer, politician, soldier, and surveyor from Connecticut who founded the U.S. city of Cleveland, Ohio, while surveying the Western Reserve in 1796.

Cleaveland was born in Canterbury, Windham County, Connecticut. He studied law at Yale University, graduating in 1777. That same year, with the American Revolutionary War in progress, he was commissioned as an ensign in the 2nd Connecticut Regiment of the Continental Army. In 1779 he was promoted to captain of a company of "sappers and miners" (combat engineers) in the newly formed Corps of Engineers. He resigned from the army on June 7, 1781 and started a legal practice in Canterbury. As a Freemason he was initiated in a military lodge and the became W. Master of Moriah Lodge, Connecticut.

He was known as a very energetic person with high ability. In 1788, he was a member of the Connecticut convention that ratified the United States Constitution. He was elected to the Connecticut General Assembly several times and in 1796 was commissioned brigadier general of militia. He was a shareholder in the Connecticut Land Company, which had purchased for $1,200,000 from the state government of Connecticut the land in northeastern Ohio reserved to Connecticut by Congress, known at its first settlement as New Connecticut, and in later times as the Western Reserve.

He was approached by the directors of the company in May 1796 and asked to lead the survey of the tract and the location of purchases. He was also responsible for the negotiations with the Native Americans living on the land. In June 1796, he set out from Schenectady, New York. His party included fifty people including six surveyors, a physician, a chaplain, a boatman, thirty-seven employees, a few emigrants and two women who accompanied their husbands. Some journeyed by land with the horses and cattle, while the main body went in boats up the Mohawk, down the Oswego, along the shore of Lake Ontario, and up Niagara River, carrying their boats over the long portage of seven miles at the falls.

The expedition then coasted along the shore of Lake Erie, and landed, on July 4, 1796, at the mouth of Conneaut Creek, which they named Port Independence. General Cleaveland, with a surveying party, coasted along the shore and on July 22, 1796, landed at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. He ascended the bank, and, beholding a beautiful plain covered with a luxuriant forest-growth, divined that the spot where he stood, with the river on the west and Lake Erie on the north, was a favorable site for a city.

He accordingly had it surveyed into town lots, and the employees named the place Cleaveland, in honor of their chief. There were but four settlers the first year, and, on account of the insalubrity of the locality, the growth was at first slow, reaching 150 inhabitants only in 1820. Moses Cleaveland went home to Connecticut after the 1796 expedition and never returned to Ohio or the city that bears his name. He died in Canterbury, Connecticut, where he is also buried. Today, a statue of him stands on Public Square in Cleveland." (visit link)
Marker Name: Birthplace of MOSES CLEVELAND

Marker Type: Rural Roadside

Additional Information: Not listed

Date Dedicated / Placed: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
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Recent Visits/Logs:
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Maine to Massachusetts visited Birthplace of Moses Cleveland - Canterbury, CT 4/13/2017 Maine to Massachusetts visited it
CTBruce visited Birthplace of Moses Cleveland - Canterbury, CT 11/4/2014 CTBruce visited it
Chasing Blue Sky visited Birthplace of Moses Cleveland - Canterbury, CT 5/6/2013 Chasing Blue Sky visited it

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