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Building Fort Negley - Nashville, Tennesee
Posted by: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
N 36° 08.764 W 086° 46.453
16S E 520311 N 4000173
Quick Description: Marker giving history of the construction of Fort Negley in Nashville, Tennessee.
Location: Tennessee, United States
Date Posted: 2/15/2013 8:36:07 PM
Waymark Code: WMGCWZ
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member monkeys4ever
Views: 3

Long Description:
Text of marker:

Building Fort Negley

The centerpiece of the Federal fortification effort in Nashville was Fort Gegley, named for brigatdier General James S. Negley, the Union Post Commander.  Captain James S. Morton, chief engineer, began work in August 1862.  The primary construction of the stone, iron, wood and earthen fortification took more than four mouths at a cost of over $90,000.  When initially completed in December of 1862, Fort Negley covered 180,000 square feet, over four acres, of St. Cloud Hill and was recognized as the largest inland masonry fortification in North America.  Modifications and improvements continued until the end of the war at a total cost of over $110,000.

African American Labor

To build Fort Negley, Captain Morton found little success requisitioning Negroes from local pro-Union slaveholders.  Instead, the army was forced to impress black laborers both free and slave.  As on Union soldier remembered, men were apprehended in "barber shops, kitchens and even churches," and made to work on St. Cloud Hill.  They felled trees, hauled rock and earth, and cut and laid the fort's limestone foundation.  Eventually, 2,768 men were officially enrolled as laborers at Fort Negley.

The living conditions of these workers were hard.  According to one Union officer, they "had no tents, and slept in the open air"  along the Fort Negley hillside.  By the time the fortifications around Nashville were completed, between 600 and 800 of Morton's Negro laborers had died.  Of those who remained, only 310 received pay for their work
Group that erected the marker: Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, Parks and Recreation Department

URL of a web site with more information about the history mentioned on the sign: [Web Link]

Address of where the marker is located. Approximate if necessary:
1100 Fort Negley Blvd.
Nashville, Tennessee

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