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6th Maine Battery Monument - Gettysburg, PA
Posted by: Groundspeak Regular Member Math Teacher
N 39° 48.197 W 077° 14.072
18S E 308705 N 4408312
Quick Description: This monument represents one of 15 Civil War Monuments to Maine of the GBMA Era (1863 - 1895) & indicates the position held by Dow's Maine Battery on the morning of July 3, 1863 to 10:00 AM July 5.
Location: Pennsylvania, United States
Date Posted: 11/24/2012 8:02:03 PM
Waymark Code: WMFRT4
Published By: Groundspeak Charter Member BruceS
Views: 6

Long Description:

The 6th Maine Artillery, Battery F was also known as Dow’s Battery (This is also written on the front of the monument). During the battle of Gettysburg, the unit served as a member of Taft’s Brigade in the Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac. The 6th was commanded by Lieutenant Edwin B. Dow (1835-1917), a clerk from Portland. Dow was wounded at Cold Harbor. Under his command were 103 men and 4 Napoleon cannons and among the men, 13 were wounded.

Born in Canada young Edwin Dow was a 26 year old Portland, Maine resident when on February 6, 1862 he was commissioned 2nd Lt. in Freeman McGilvery’s 6th Maine Battery. He would rise to the rank of Captain and at Gettysburg his name would be etched in stone as commander of Dow’s 6th Maine Battery. SOURCE

From the Historical Marker Database, Craig Swan: Dow's Battery was Battery F of the 6th Maine Light Artillery. It was commanded by Lieutenant Edwin B. Dow and was part of the 4th Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve. Dow was attached to McGilvery's 1st Volunteer Brigade during most of the battle. Thrown into action on July 2 as the Federal Third Corps withdrew, the battery fought east of the Trostle Farm. Later it relocated on Cemetery Ridge, where it participated in the actions of July 3. The battery brought four 12-pounder Napoleon guns into the battle, and lost none. Eight men of the battery were wounded, and five horses were lost. SOURCE

The 6th Maine Battery Monument is located on the left or west part of Hancock Avenue if traveling north toward the Pennsylvania Monument which looms hugely in the distance. This part of the battlefield is the south section of Cemetery Ridge. The monument is flanked by a couple of 12-pounder Napoleons, which apparently are not Napoleons but 6-pounder Field Guns altered to resemble 12-pounder Napoleons in the 1890s. Parking is available at small, cutout shoulders along the road, some wide, some narrow. Be sure to stay off the grass or you will be ticketed by park police. I visited this monument on Thursday, July 5, 2012 at 5:31 P.M. I was at an elevation of 550 feet, ASL. I used a Canon PowerShot 14.1 Megapixel, SX210 IS digital camera for the photos.

The Draw the Sword site helped out by the NPS narrative and the SIRIS site offers the following description: Tapered square marker stands on a low, rough-hewn base. A pyramid of cannon balls tops the piece. Relief elements on the front face include a star, cannon barrel, rammer, drum and other military accouterments. Monument is a two-part tapered granite shaft with a top containing five stacked black polished cannon balls and set on a six foot square rough cut base with a tooled edge. The lower part of the shaft has a bas-relief front and the upper part has a bas-relief front, with incised inscriptions on four sides. Flanking markers are 1×1.6 foot. Monument marks the position held by Dow’s Maine Battery on July 3, 1863 from the morning hours until 10:00 A. M. on July 5. They engaged in artillery duel preceding Longstreet’s Assault on the third day.

This monument was dedicated on October 3, 1889 by the State of Maine. The monument is composed of granite and the cannon balls are of polished black Addison granite and the base is of granite. The monument has the following dimensions: approximately 9 feet 8 inches in height and the base is approximately 1 foot 6 inches x 6 feet x 6 feet. I was unable to recover the name of the sculptor who labored on the project. There are the briefest of inscriptions on the front, left and right sides of this monument which read:

(Front):
Dow's
6th Maine
Battery

(Left):
McGilvery's Brigade.
Reserve Artillery.

(Right):
Campaigns A.P.
1862.-1865.


The 6th Maine Battery Monument is a contributing feature to the Gettysburg National Military Park Historic District which is nationally significant under NR Criteria A, B, C & D. Areas of Significance: Military, Politics/Government, Landscape Architecture, Conservation, Archeology-Historic. Period of Significance: 1863-1938. The original National Register Nomination was approved by the Keeper March 19, 1975. An update to this nomination was approved by the Keeper on January 23, 2004. The monument is identified as structure number MN270-D.

From the Nomination Form:
1 of 15 Civil War Monuments to Maine of the GBMA Era (1863 - 1895). Indicates position held by Dow's Maine Battery morning of Jul 3, 1863 to 10:00AM Jul 5. LF&RF markers 60'&122' S-N, respectively. Mn has 2 flanking markers and 2 cannon. Located W side of S Hancock Avenue.

Short Physical Description:
Mn w/2 flanking markers and 2 cannon mounted on cast iron carriages. Base 6'sq x 1'6"H rough cut, tooled edge. 2 part tapered shaft, 1st bas-relief front, 2nd bas-relief front, incise inscriptions 4 sides. Top, 5 stacked cannon balls, black polished. LF & RF 1'x1'6"x1'10", chipped.

Long Physical Description:
Monument that has two flanking markers and two flanking bronze Napoleon cannon mounted on cast iron carriages. Monument is a two-part tapered granite shaft with a top containing five stacked black polished cannon balls and set on a six foot square rough cut base with a tooled edge. The lower part of the shaft has a bas-relief front and the upper part has a bas-relief front, with incised inscriptions on four sides. Flanking markers are 1x1.6 foot. Located on the west side of south Hancock Avenue.


My Sources
1. NRHP Nomination Form
2. SIRIS
3. Stone Sentinels
4. Virtual Gettysburg
5. Draw the Sword
6. Historical Marker Database

Date Installed or Dedicated: 10/3/1889

Name of Government Entity or Private Organization that built the monument: State of Maine

Union, Confederate or Other Monument: Union

Rating (1-5):

Related Website: [Web Link]

Photo or photos will be uploaded.: yes

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