Simpson's Hollow
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member brwhiz
N 42° 01.085 W 109° 35.456
12T E 616663 N 4652744
Quick Description: This Wyoming Historical Marker is located on the northwest side of Wyoming Highway 28 between Farson and Wyoming Highway 372.
Location: Wyoming, United States
Date Posted: 9/25/2012 9:06:34 AM
Waymark Code: WMFBQK
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member muddawber
Views: 3

Long Description:
One of only three significant engagements of the Utah War, the incident at Simpson's Hollow played a key role in the conflict. The Utah War (1857-1858) was the result of a lack of communication between the U.S. Government and the Utah Territory concerning Brigham Young's power as governor of Utah and as head of the Church of Latter Day Saints. To resolve this conflict of interest, President Buchanan appointed a new governor, Alfred Cummings. However, fearing Utah's citizens would not calmly accept the replacement of Young, Buchanan canceled mail service to Utah and sent out a military force of 2,500 men to safely escort Cummings to Salt lake City. Captain Lew Simpson, for whom the site is named, and his troops, were part of this military force sent to Utah on the Oregon Trail.

Upon notification of the approaching troops, Young and other Mormon leaders assumed, because they had not been notified of the administrative changes, that the army's intent was religious persecution. Young deployed the Utah Militia, also known as the Nauvoo Legion, to slow the U.S. troops.

In October 1857, a wagon train under the command of Captain Simpson was surrounded by the Utah Militia and forced to surrender its wagons. The Militia, led by Lot Smith, released the livestock and burned all but one supply wagon, resulting in damages estimated at over $85,000. In additiion to the incident at Simpson's Hollow, the Militia burned two other wagon trains, forcing the entire army to winter near the recently burned Fort Bridger.

In the spring, Thomas L. Kane, long-time friend of the Mormons, negotiated a settlement that allowed U.S. troops to peacefully enter Salt Lake City. Young stepped down from his position and created a diplomatic relationship with Governor Cummings.

Marker Name: Simpson's Hollow

Marker Type: Rural Roadside

Group Responsible for Placement: Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office

Addtional Information: Not listed

Date Dedicated: Not listed

Marker Number: Not listed

Web link(s) for additional information: Not listed

Visit Instructions:
Please post a photo of you OR your GPS at the marker location. Also if you know of any additional links not already mentioned about this bit of Wyoming history please include that in your log.
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Recent Visits/Logs:
Date Logged Log User Rating  
sam-boy visited Simpson's Hollow 5/3/2013 sam-boy visited it