St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia
Posted by: Groundspeak Premium Member Metro2
N 55° 45.138 E 037° 37.390
37U E 413584 N 6179370
Quick Description: Commonly known at St. Basil's, this most recognizable orthodox church has the official name "Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat" or Pokrovsky Cathedral. It is now a World Heritage Site.
Location: Russia
Date Posted: 9/8/2012 10:50:43 PM
Waymark Code: WMF88E
Published By: Groundspeak Premium Member Dorcadion Team
Views: 33

Long Description:
Located in Moscow's Red Square...this church has become the icon representing Russia just as the Eiffel Tower represent France and the Statue of Liberty is instantly connected to the USA. The Cathedral is considered one of the great buildings of the world and it's architectural style had no precedent. Construction began in 1555...and it is considered to be the gepgraphic center of Moscow.
Wikipedia (visit link) further informs us that the church was erected "... in 1555–61 on orders from Ivan the Terrible. It commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan.

St. Basil's marks the geometric center of Moscow. It has been the hub of the city's growth since the 14th century and was the city's tallest building until the completion of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in 1600.

The original building, known as "Trinity Church" and later "Trinity Cathedral", contained eight side churches arranged around the ninth, central church of Intercession; the tenth church was erected in 1588 over the grave of venerated local saint Vasily (Basil). In the 16th and 17th centuries the church, perceived as the earthly symbol of the Heavenly City, as happens to all churches in Byzantine Christianity, was popularly known as the "Jerusalem" and served as an allegory of the Jerusalem Temple in the annual Palm Sunday parade attended by the Patriarch of Moscow and the tsar.

The building is shaped as a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky, a design that has no analogues in Russian architecture. Dmitry Shvidkovsky, in his book Russian Architecture and the West, states that "it is like no other Russian building. Nothing similar can be found in the entire millennium of Byzantine tradition from the fifth to fifteenth century ... a strangeness that astonishes by its unexpectedness, complexity and dazzling interleaving of the manifold details of its design." The cathedral foreshadowed the climax of Russian national architecture in the 17th century.

As part of the program of state atheism, the church was confiscated from the Russian Orthodox community as part of the Soviet Union's anti-theist campaigns and has operated as a division of the State Historical Museum since 1928. It was completely and forcefully secularized in 1929 and, as of 2011, remains a federal property of the Russian Federation. The church has been part of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990. It is often mislabelled as the Kremlin owing to its location on Red Square in immediate proximity of the Kremlin."

See the State Historical Museum's website (in Russian) for the church at (visit link)
Date the Church was built, dedicated or cornerstone laid: 1/1/1555

Age of Church building determined by?: Other reliable source

If denomination of Church is not part of the name, please provide it here: Russian Orthodox

If Church is open to the public, please indicate hours: From: 11:00 AM To: 3:30 PM

Street address of Church:
Red Square
Moscow, Russia


Primary website for Church or Historic Church Building: [Web Link]

Secondary Website for Church or Historic Church Building: [Web Link]

If Church holds a weekly worship service and "all are welcome", please give the day of the week: Not listed

Indicate the time that the primary worship service is held. List only one: Not Listed

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Recent Visits/Logs:
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pmaupin visited St. Basil's Cathedral - Moscow, Russia 5/16/2018 pmaupin visited it
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